The incidence of annexation, the growth in the original area and in the area annexed, and the proportion of growth due to annexation between 1950 and 1970 are analyzed for U.S. cities grouped by size, metropolitan status, and region of the country. Over this period, annexation was a principal means of population growth for incorporated places outside the Northeast. Though often associated with metropolitan growth, annexation was even more important in the growth of nonmetropolitan cities. Overall growth differences by size of place, metropolitan status, and decade (1950–1960 or 1960–1970) could not be explained by the incidence and nature of annexation.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Beale, Calvin L. 1971. Statement on Population and Migration Trends in Rural and Nonmetropolitan Areas, submitted to the U.S. Senate Committee on Government Operation, April 27, 1971. Washington, D.C.: Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Berry, Brian J. L., and J. D. Kasarda. 1977. Contemporary Urban Ecology. New York: The Macmillan Company.
Bollens, John C. 1968. Metropolitan and Fringe Area Developments in 1967. Pp. 25–36 in The Municipal Year Book 1968. Washington, D.C.: International City Managers’ Association.
—, and H. J. Schmandt. 1965. The Metropolis: Its People, Politics and Urban Life. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.
Dye, T. R. 1964. Urban Political Annexation: Conditions Associated with Annexation in American Cities. Midwest Journal of Political Science 8:430–446.
Forstall, R. L. 1972. Changes in Land Areas for Larger Cities, 1950–1970. Pp. 84–87 in The Municipal Year Book 1972. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association.
—. 1975. Annexations and Corporate Changes Since the 1970 Census: With Historical Data on Annexation for Larger Cities for 1900–1970. Pp. 21–29 in The Municipal Year Book 1975. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association.
—. 1976. Annexations and Corporate Changes, 1970–74: With Historical Data on New Incorporations, 1950–74. Pp. 59–61 in The Municipal Year Book 1976. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association.
—. 1977. Annexations and Corporate Changes: 1970–75. Pp. 62–64 in The Municipal Year Book 1977. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association.
Fuguitt, Glenn V. 1971. The Places Left Behind: Population Trends and Policy for Rural America. Rural Sociology 36:449–470.
—, and C. L. Beale. 1976. Population Change in Nonmetropolitan Cities and Towns. Washington, D.C.: Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Goldstein, S. 1976. Facets of Redistribution: Research Challenges and Opportunities. (Presidential Address at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, April 1976, Montreal.) Demography 13:423–434.
Greer, A. L., and S. Greer. 1976. Suburban Political Behavior: A Matter of Trust. Pp. 203–220 in Barry Schwartz (ed.), The Changing Face of the Suburbs. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Gulick, Luther H. 1962. The Metropolitan Problem and American Ideas. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Hawley, Amos H. 1950. Human Ecology: A Theory of Community Structure. New York: Ronald Press.
Kaufman, Ira, and L. F. Schnore. 1975. Municipal Annexations and Suburbanization, 1960–70. Working Paper 75-4. Madison: Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin.
McKenzie, Robert. 1933. The Metropolitan Community. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
Lamb, R., and Q. Gillard. 1973. Growth Center Schemes Evaluated. Appendix pp. 165–187 in Brian J. L. Berry, Growth Centers in the American Urban System. Vol. I. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger Publishing Company.
Morrison, Peter. 1971. Population Distribution Policy: Issues and Objectives. Santa Monica, Calif.: The Rand Corporation.
National League of Cities. 1966. Adjusting Municipal Boundaries: Law and Practice. Washington, D.C.: National League of Cities.
Ritchey, P. Neal., B. L. Bishop, and C. A. Grametbauer. 1974. The Impact of Annexation on the Growth of Adult White and Nonwhite Populations of Cities: 1960–70. Oak Ridge, Tenn.: Population Research Institute, Oak Ridge National Laboratories.
Schnore, L. F. 1962. Municipal Annexations and the Growth of Metropolitan Suburbs, 1950–60. American Journal of Sociology 67:406–417.
Shryock, H. S. 1958. What is New in Our Eighteenth Decennial Census of the Population? Pp. 24–26 in American Statistical Association Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. Washington, D.C.: American Statistical Association.
Taeuber, I. B. 1972. The Changing Distribution of the Population of the U.S. in the 20th Century. Pp. 31–108 in Sarah M. Mazie (ed.), U.S. Commission on Population Growth and the American Future. Vol. 5. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Wheat, Leonard F. 1976. Urban Growth in the Nonmetropolitan South. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, D.C. Heath and Company.
About this article
Cite this article
Klaff, V.Z., Fuguitt, G.V. Annexation as a factor in the growth of U.S. cities, 1950–1960 and 1960–1970. Demography 15, 1–12 (1978). https://doi.org/10.2307/2060487
- Metropolitan Area
- Central City
- Population Change
- Total Growth
- Initial Area