Shopping center location and retail store mix in metropolitan areas

Abstract

Retail sales in 1963 in 116 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSA’s) are related to SMSA size in 1960. Nucleated sales occur in the Central Business District (CBD) and in Major Retail Centers (MRC’s). As SMSA’s grow, the proportion of sales in MRC’s increases and that in the CBD decreases. The ratio of nucleated sales to dispersed sales remains constant. The laws of economic location operate to place shopping goods primarily in the CBD and in MRC’s whereas convenience and other types of stores disperse throughout the SMSA. Plotting the straight line distance of every MRC relative to the CBD and computing the mix of trade types in MRC’s reveals that, with some modifications, most MRC’s have a mix of store types similar to the CBD. Convenience stores are somewhat more important and all other stores less so than they are in the CBD. The findings support the Harris-Ullman multiple nuclei hypothesis.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Burgess, Ernest W. 1925. The growth of the city: an introduction to a research project. In Robert E. Park and others, The City. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Casparis, John. 1967. Metropolitan retail structure and its relation to population. Land Economics 43: 212–218.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Cohen, Saul B. and George K. Lewis. 1967. Form and function in the geography of retailing. Economic Geography 43: 1–42.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Hawley, Amos H. 1941. An ecological study of urban service institutions. American Sociological Review 6: 629–639.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Harris, Chauncey D. and Edward L. Ullman. 1945. The nature of cities. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 242: 7–17.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Hoover, Edgar M. 1963. The Location of Economic Activity. New York: McGraw-Hill.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Kain, John F. 1962. The journey to work as a determinant of residential location. Papers and Proceedings of the Regional Science Association 9: 137–160.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. McKenzie, Roderick D. 1925. The ecological approach to the study of the human community. In Robert E. Park and others, The City. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Muth, Richard F. 1961. The spatial structure of the housing market, Papers and Proceedings of the Regional Science Association 7: 207–220.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Pred, Allen R. 1964. The intrametropolitan location of American manufacturing. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 54: 165–180.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Simmons, James. 1964. The Changing Pattern of Retail Location, University of Chicago Research Paper Number 92, Department of Geography.

  12. Sternlieb, George. 1963. The future of retailing in the downtown core. Journal of the American Institute of Planners 29: 102–112.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Taeuber, Alma F. 1964. Population redistribution and retail changes in the central business district. In Ernest W. Burgess and Donald J. Bogue (eds.), Contributions to Urban Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Ullman, Edward L. 1966. The nature of cities reconsidered. Papers and Proceedings of the Regional Science Association 9: 7–23.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. United States Bureau of the Census. 1966. Census of Business, 1963. Vol. 3, Major Retail Center Statistics, Parts I and II, Summary and Akron, Ohio, Youngstown-Warren, Ohio. Washington: Government Printing Office.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Casparls, J. Shopping center location and retail store mix in metropolitan areas. Demography 6, 125–131 (1969). https://doi.org/10.2307/2060386

Download citation

Keywords

  • Central Business District
  • Retail Store
  • Shopping Center
  • Sales Volume
  • Store Type