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Family planning programs in the United States

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References

  1. Cf. A. F. Yerby, “The Disadvantaged and Health Care,” American Journal of Public Health, 56:5 (January, 1966).

  2. Lyndon B. Johnson, Domestic Health and Education Message to Congress, March 1, 1966.

  3. National Center for Health Statistics, Monthly Vital Statistics Report, July 26, 1968.

  4. Cf., e.g., R. Freedman, P. K. Whelpton, and A. A. Campbell, Family Planning, Sterility and Population Growth (McGraw Hill, 1959); P. K. Whelpton, A. A. Campbell, and J. E. Patterson, Fertility and Family Planning in the U.S. (Princeton, 1966); and D. J. Bogue (ed.), Sociological Contributions to Family Planning Research (Chicago, 1967).

  5. N. B. Ryder and C. F. Westoff, “Relationships Among Four Orientations to Total Number of Children: Intended, Expected, Desired and Ideal,” (paper presented at American Association for Advancement of Science, December, 1967).

  6. C. F. Westoff and N. B. Ryder, “Recent Trends in Attitudes Toward Fertility Control and in the Practice of Contraception in the United States,” (prepared for University of Michigan Sesquicentennial Conference on Fertility and Family Planning, November, 1967.

  7. C. F. Westoff and N. B. Ryder, “United States: Methods of Fertility Control, 1955, 1960, and 1965,” Studies in Family Planning, No. 17 (February, 1967).

  8. N. B. Ryder and C. F. Westoll, “Fertility Planning Status of American Women, 1965,” paper presented at Population Association of America, April, 1868.

  9. A. A. Campbell, “The Role of Family Planning in the Reduction of Poverty,” Journal of Marriageand the Family, 30:2, May, 1968.

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  10. M. Orshansky, “The Shape of Poverty in 1966,” Social Security Bulletin (March, 1968), Table 4.

  11. National Academy of Sciences, The Growth of U.S. Population (1965).

  12. op. cit..

  13. A. A. Campbell, “The Control of Fertility in the United States” (unpublished, 1968).

  14. Cf., among others, S. Polgar and W. B. Cowles (eds.), “Public Health Programs in Family Planning,” Supplement to American Journal of Public Health (January, 1966); S. Polgar, “U.S.: The PPFA Mobile Service Project in New York City,” Studies in Family Planning, No. 15 (October, 1966); D. J. Bogue, “U.S.: The Chicago Fertility Control Studies,” Studies in Family Planning, No. 15 (October, 1966); R. Frank and C. Tietze, “Acceptance of an Oral Contraceptive Program in a Large Metropolitan Area,” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 93 (September 1, 1965), p. 122; and G. W. Perkin, “A Family Planning Unit for Your Hospital?” Hospital Practice (May, 1967).

  15. Cf., F. S. Jaffe, “A Strategy for Implementing Family Planning Services in the United States,” American Journal of Public Health, 58 (April, 1968), 713–725; and F. S. Jaffe and S. Polgar, “Family Planning and Public Policy: Is the ‘Culture of Poverty’ the New Cop-Out?” Marriage and the Family, 30 (May, 1968), 228–235.

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  16. Cf., B. Berelson, “National Family Planning Programs: A Guide,” Studies in Family Planning, No.5 (December, 1964); R. Freedman, “Family Planning Programs Today: Major Themes of the Conference,” in B. Berelson et. al. (eds.), Family Planning and Population Programs (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1966); and B. Berelson, “National Family Planning Programs: Where We Stand” (prepared for University of Michigan Sesquicentennial Conference on Fertility and Family Planning, November, 1967).

  17. Cf., A. F. Guttmacher, Babies by Choice or by Chance (DOubleday, 1959), Chapter 8, and John Rock, The Time Has Come (Knopf, 1963), Chapter 11.

  18. L. Corsa, “United States: Public Policy and Programs in Family Planning,” Studies in Family Planning, No. 27 (March, 1968).

  19. Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare John Gardner, “Memorandum to Heads of Operating Agencies on Family Planning Policy,” January 31, 1968.

  20. Described in F. S. Jaffe, “Financing Family Planning Services,” American Journal of Pulic Health, 56:6 (June, 1966), p. 917; it is now known lIB the “Dryfoos-Polgar Varky formula” in view of revisions made by Varky and published by PPWP in 1967.

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  21. G. Varky, F. S. Jaffe, R. Lincoln, and S. Polgar, Five Million Women—Who’s Who Among Americans in Need of Subsidized Family Planning Services (Planned Parenthood—World Population, 1967).

  22. D. J. Bogue, West Side Fertility Report (Chicago, 1965). His observation has been challenged by P. M. Hauser in “Family Planning and Population Programs,” Demography, 4 (1967), 408-9.

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  23. J. D. Beasley and V. W. Parrish, “Epidemiology and Prevention of Illegitimate Births in the Rural South” (presented at American Public Health Association, November, 1968).

  24. O. Harkavy, F. S. Jaffe and S. Wishik, Implementing DHEW Policy on Family Planning and Population, A Consultants’ Report to the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (September, 1967).

  25. “National Family Planning Programs: Where We Stand,” op. cit.

  26. Bernard Berelson, “National Family Planning Programs: Where We Stand,” op. cit. (prepared for University of Michigan Sesquicentennial Conference on Fertility and Family Planning, November, 1967).

  27. Quoted in ibid. Bernard Berelson, “National Family Planning Programs: Where We Stand,” op. cit. (prepared for University of Michigan Sesquicentennial Conference on Fertility and Family Planning, November, 1967).

  28. F. Osborn, “Excess and Unwanted Fertility,” Eugenics Quarterly, 10:2 (June, 1963).

  29. A. A. Campbell, “The Role of Family Planning in the Reduction of Poverty,” Marriage and the Family, 30 (May, 1968), 236–45.

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  30. Campbell, op. cit. , 30:2, May, 1968.

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Center for Family Planning Program Development

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Jaffe, F.S., Guttmacher, A.F. Family planning programs in the United States. Demography 5, 910–923 (1968). https://doi.org/10.2307/2060280

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Keywords

  • Family Planning
  • Birth Order
  • Family Planning Service
  • Family Planning Program
  • Plan Parenthood