, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 217–225 | Cite as

Manganese and suspended matter in the Yaquina Estuary, Oregon

  • Richard J. Callaway
  • David T. Specht
  • George R. Ditsworth


The longitudinal distribution of total suspended matter and total, dissolved, and particulate manganese in a small coastal plain estuary is described. The distribution of manganese is a consequence of estuarine circulation; a within-estuary maximum is inversely correlated with river flow, and is a function of residence time in the estuary, resuspension in the upper estuary, and desorption from particles introduced from within the estuary or from the river. The turbidity maximum is similarly most pronounced during low river flows. The upper estuary (salinity <15‰), comprising a small percentage of the total estuary volume during low flow, receives material from the river and along the bottom from the lower estuary; this material is returned to the water column by resuspension and desorption from estuarine and riverine particles. The lower estuary tends to damp out these processes because of the greater volume and (residence) time available for mixing.


Total Suspended Matter Lower Estuary Estuarine Coastal Scheldt Estuary Estuarine Circulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Ackroyd, D. R., A. J. Bale, R. J. M. Howland, S. Knox, G. E. Millward, andA. W. Morris. 1986. Distributions and behaviour of dissolved Cu, Zn and Mn in the Tamar Estuary. 1986.Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci. 23:621–640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Banse, K., C. P. Falls, andL. A. Hobson. 1963. A gravimetric method for determining suspended matter in sea water using Millipore filters.Deep-Sea Res. 10:639–642.Google Scholar
  3. Berman, S. S., J. W. McLaren, andS. N. Willie. 1980. Simultaneous determination of five trace metals in seawater by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry with ultrasonic nebulization.Anal. Chem. 52:488–492.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Burton, J. D. 1976. Basic properties and processes in estuarine chemistry, p. 1–36.In J. D. Burton and P. S. Liss (eds.), Estuarine Chemistry. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  5. Burton, J. D. 1978. Behavior of some trace chemical constituents in estuarine waters.Pure Appl. Chem. 50:385–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Callaway, R. J., andD. T. Specht. 1982. Dissolved silicon in the Yaquina Estuary, Oregon.Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci. 15:561–567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carr, C. D., andJ. E. Borst. 1979. Applications of an inductively coupled plasma spectrometer to the analysis of difficult samples, p. 3–45.In R. M. Barnes (ed.). Applications of Plasma Emission Spectrochemistry. Heyden and Son, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  8. Conomos, T. J., R. E. Smith, D. H. Peterson, S. W. Hager andL. E. Schemel. 1979. Processes affecting seasonal distributions of water properties in the San Francisco Bay estuarine system, p. 115–142,In T. J. Connors (ed.), San Francisco Bay: The Urbanized Estuary. AAAS, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  9. Duinker, J. C., R. Wollast, andG. Billen. 1979. Behavior of manganese in the Rhine and Scheldt estuaries. II. Geochemical cycling.Estuarine Coastal Mar. Sci. 9:727–738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Evans, D. W., N. H. Cutshall, F. A. Cross, andD. A. Wolfe. 1977. Manganese cycling in the Newport River estuary, North Carolina.Estuarine Coastal Mar. Sci. 5:71–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Festa, J. F., andD. V. Hansen. 1976. A two-dimensional numerical model of estuarine circulation: The effects of altering depth and river discharge.Estuarine Coastal Mar. Sci. 4:309–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Blasby, G. P. 1984. Manganese in the marine environment.Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Annu. Rev. 22:169–194.Google Scholar
  13. Godfrey, J. S. 1981. A numerical model of the James River Estuary, Virginia, U.S.A.Estuarine Coastal Mar. Sci. 11:295–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Greenfield, S.. 1980. Plasma spectroscopy comes of age.Analyst 105:1032–1044.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Knox, S., D. R. Turner, A. G. Dickson, M. I. Liddicoat, M. Whitfield, andE. I. Butler. 1981. Statistical analysis of estuarine profiles: Application to manganese and ammonium in the Tamar Estuary.Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci. 13:357–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lee, S. L., andK. A. Hunter. 1986. The dynamic balance of manganese transport in the Otago Harbour, New Zealand.Mar. Chem. 19:175–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Morris, A. W., A. J. Bale, andR. J. M. Howland. 1982. The dynamics of estuarine manganese cycling.Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci. 14:175–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. National Ocean Survey. 1976. Tidal Current Tables 1977, Pacific Coast of North America and Asia. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce. Washington D.C. 255 p.Google Scholar
  19. Officer, C. B.. 1980. Box models revisited, p. 65–114.In P. Hamilton and K. B. Macdonald (eds.), Estuarine and Wetland Processes, with Emphasis on Modeling. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  20. Officer, C. B., andD. R. Lynch. 1981. Dynamics of mixing in estuaries.Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci. 12:525–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Peck, E. S., A. L. Langhorst, andD. W. O’Brien. 1979. Analysis of natural waters with an automated inductively coupled plasma spectrometer system, p. 63–70.In R. M. Barnes (ed.), Applications of Plasma Emission Spectrochemistry. Heyden and Son, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  22. Sanders, J. G. 1978. The sources of dissolved manganese to Calico Creek, North Carolina.Estuarine Coastal Mar. Sci. 6: 231–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1979. Methods for chemical analysis of water and wastes. EPA-600/4-79-020. Env. Monit. and Suppl. Lab., Off. Res. and Dev., Cincinnati, Ohio. 460 p.Google Scholar
  24. Wilke, R. J., andR. Dayal. 1982. The behavior of iron, manganese, and silicon in the Peconic River Estuary, New York.Estuarine Coastal Shelf Sci. 15:577–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wollast, R., G. Billen, andJ. C. Duinker. 1979. Behavior of mangenese in the Rhine and Scheldt estuaries. I. Physicochemical behaviour.Estuarine Coastal Mar. Sci. 8:161–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Estuarine Research Federation 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard J. Callaway
    • 1
  • David T. Specht
    • 2
  • George R. Ditsworth
    • 2
  1. 1.MarPolSolCorvallis
  2. 2.Pacific Division Environmental Research Laboratory-Narraqansett Environmental Protection AgencyHatfield Marine Science CenterNewport

Personalised recommendations