Estuaries

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 89–97 | Cite as

The abundance of estuarine larval and juvenile fish in a South Carolina intertidal creek

  • Earl L. Bozeman
  • John Mark Dean
Article

Abstract

The fall and winter population of larval fish in a small intertidal creek was measured. The creek was blocked at high tide, and the immature fish were captured in a channel net designed for consistent quantitative sampling as they left with the ebbing tide. A total of 573,739 individuals with a biomass (preserved wet weight) of 66.1 kg were captured during the eight month sampling period (October 1974–May 1975). Twelve families, 13 genera, and 16 species were represented, with five species comprising 99.3% of the fish captured. The five species were:Leiostomus xanthurus (53.5%),Lagodon rhomboides (31.7%),Brevoortia tyrannus (11.9%),Micropogon undulatus (1.7%), andMyrophis punctatus (0.5%). The net was efficient, the catch was seasonal, and the greatest larval abundance occurred in February and March.

Keywords

Larval Fish Atlantic Menhaden Intertidal Creek North Inlet Estuary Daytime Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Arnoldi, D. C., W. H. Herke, andE. J. Clairain, Jr. 1974. Estimate of growth rate and length of stay in a marsh nursery of juvenile Atlantic croaker,Micropogon undulatus (Linneaus) sandblasted with fluorescent pigments. Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, University of Miami, Proc. 26:158–172.Google Scholar
  2. Burns, R. W. 1974. Species abundance and diversity of larval fishes in a high-marsh tidal creek. Unpublished M.S. Thesis. University of South Carolina.Google Scholar
  3. Cain, R. L., andJ. M. Dean. 1976. Annual occurrence, abundance and diversity of fish in a South Carolina intertidal creek.Mar. Biol. 36:369–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clark, J., W. G. Smith, A. W. Kendall, Jr., and M. P. Fahay. 1969. Studies of estuarine dependence of Atlantic coastal fishes. U.S. Bur. Sport Fish. Wildl., Tech. Pap. 28, 132 p.Google Scholar
  5. Clark, R. S. 1914. General report on the larval and post-larval teleosteans in Plymouth waters.J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 10:327–394.Google Scholar
  6. Cochran, W. G. 1963. Sampling techniques. J. Wiley and Sons, New York, 278 p.Google Scholar
  7. Croaker, R. A. 1965. Planktonic fish eggs and larvae of Sandy Hook estuary.Chesapeake Science 6:92–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cronin, L. E., andA. J. Mansueti. 1971. The biology of an estuary, p. 14–39.In A symposium on the biological significance of estuaries. Sport Fishing Institute, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  9. Gunter, G. 1938. Seasonal variations in abundance of certain estuarine and marine fishes in Louisiana with particular reference to life histories.Ecol. Mono. 8:313–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Haven, D. W. 1957. Distribution, growth and availability of juvenile croaker,Micropogon undulatus, in Virginia.Ecology 38:88–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Herke, W. 1977. Life history concepts of motile estuarine-dependent species should be re-evaluated. William H. Herke, Publisher, (555 Staring Lane) Baton Rouge, Louisiana.Google Scholar
  12. Herman, S. S. 1963. Planktonic fish eggs and larvae of Narragansett Bay.Limnol. Oceanogr. 8:103–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hildebrand, S. F., andL. E. Cable. 1930. Development and life history of fourteen teleostean fishes at Beaufort, North Carolina.Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish. 46:383–488.Google Scholar
  14. —, and —. 1934. Reproduction and development of whitings or kingfishes, drums, spot, croaker, and weakfishes or sea trouts, Family Sciaenidae, of the Atlantic coast of the United States.Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish. 48:504–642.Google Scholar
  15. —, and —. 1938. Further notes on the development and life history of some teleosts at Beaufort, North Carolina.Bull. U.S. Bur. Fish. 48:504–642.Google Scholar
  16. Hubbs, C. L. 1943. Terminology of early stages of fishes.Copeia 4:260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lewis, R. M., W. F. Hettler, E. P. H. Wilkens, andG. N. Johnson. 1970. A channel net for catching larval fishes.Chesapeake Science 11:196–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. —, andW. C. Mann. 1971. Occurrence and abundance of larva Atlantic menhaden,Brevoortia tyrannus, at two North Carolina inlets with notes on associated species.Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 100:296–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pritchard, D. W. 1967. What is an estuary: physical and viewpoint, p. 305.In G. H. Lauff (ed.), Estuaries, A.A.A.S. Publ. No. 83, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  20. Russell, F. S. 1925. The vertical distribution of marine macroplankton. An observation on diurnal changes.J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 13:769–809.Google Scholar
  21. — 1973. Summary of occurrences of planktonic stages of fish.J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 53:347–355.Google Scholar
  22. Shenker, J., andJ. M. Dean. 1979. The utilization of an intertidal salt marsh creek by larval and juvenile fishes: abundance, diversity and temporal variation.Estuaries 2:154–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Southward, A. J. 1970. Improved methods of sampling post-larval young fish and macroplankton.J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 50:689–712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Thayer, G. W., D. E. Hoss, M. A. Kjelson, W. F. Hettler, Jr., andM. W. Lacroix. 1974. Biomass of zooplankton in the Newport River Estuary and the influence of post-larval fishes.Chesapeake Science 15:9–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wilkens, E. P. H., andR. M. Lewis. 1971. Abundance and distribution of young Atlantic menhaden,Brevoortia tyrannus, in the White Oak Estuary, North Carolina.Fish. Bull. U.S. 69:783–789.Google Scholar
  26. Yakupzack, P. M., W. H. Herke, andW. G. Perry. 1977. Emigration of juvenile Atlantic croakers,Micropogon undulatus, from a semi-impounded marsh in southwestern Louisiana.Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 106:538–544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Estuarine Research Federation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Earl L. Bozeman
    • 1
  • John Mark Dean
    • 1
  1. 1.Belle W. Baruch Institute for Marine Biology and Coastal Research and the Department of BiologyUniversity of South CarolinaColumbia

Personalised recommendations