Skip to main content

Sublethal effects of baltimore harbor water on the white perch,Morone americana, and the hogchoker,Trinectes maculatus

Abstract

The purpose of this work was to determine if sublethal effects could be detected in two estuarine teleosts, the white perch (Morone americana) and hogchoker (Trinectes maculatus), exposed to water from Baltimore Harbor. Static bioassays were run using Patuxent River water (control), half-strength baltimore Harbor water, and full-strength Baltimore Harbor water. Metal and pesticide levels were monitored in each species. Physiological effects of Baltimore Harbor water included changes in thrombocyte, neutrophil, and basophil levels in white perch. Biochemical effects included increased LDH activity in the serum of white perch and hogchokers when exposed to Baltimore Harbor water, decreased acetylcholinesterase activity in white perch and hogchoker brains, and decreased catalase levels of the liver of both white perch and hogchokers. Sublethal effects were noted at the longer (28 and 30 day) exposures to the Baltimore Harbor water.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Literature Cited

  1. ANDERSON, J. M. 1971. Assessment of the effects of pollutants on physiology and behavior.Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 177:307–320.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. BEERS, R. F., JR., and I. W. SIZER. 1952. A spectrophotometric method for measuring the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide by catalase.J. Biol. Chem. 195:133.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. DAWSON, A. B. 1935. The hemopoietic response in the catfish,Ameiurus nebulosus, to chronic lead poisoning.Biol. Bull. 68(3):335–346.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. DOVEL, W. L. 1971. Fish eggs and larvae, p. 11–19.In A Biological Study of Baltimore Harbor. Nat. Res. Inst. Univ. Md. Ref. 71–76 (Mimeo.).

  5. EGAMI, F., K. TAKAHASHI, and T. UCHIDA. 1964. Ribonucleases in Taka-Diastase: Properties, chemical nature, and applications, p. 59.In J. N. Davidson and W. E. Cohn (ed.) Progress in nucleic acid research and molecular biology, Vol. 3. Academic Press, Inc., N.Y.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  6. GARDNER, G. R., and P. O. YEVICH. 1970. Histological and hematological responses of an estuarine teleost to cadmium.J. Fish Res. Bd. Canada 27:2185–2196.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. GIBSON, J. R., J. L. LUDKE, and D. E. FERGUSON. 1969. Sources of error in the use of acetylcholinesterase activity as a monitor for pollution.Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 4:17–23.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. HESTRIN, S. 1949. The reaction of acetylcholine and other carboxylic acid derivatives with hydroxylamine, and its analytical application.J. Biol. Chem. 180:249.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. HOGAN, R. L., and E. W. ROELOFS. 1971. Concentrations of dieldrin in the blood and brain of the green sunfish,Lepomis cyanellus, at death.J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 28:610–612.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. HOLLAND, H. T., D. L. COPPAGE, and P. A. BUTLER. 1967. Use of fish brain acetylcholinesterase to monitor pollution by organophosphorus pesticides.Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 2:156–162.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. JACKIM, E. J., M. HAMLIN, and S. SONIS. 1970. Effects of metal poisoning on five liver enzymes in the killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus).J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 27:383–390.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. LANE, C. E., and E. D. SCURA. 1970. Effects of dieldrin on glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase inPoecilia latipinna.J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 27:1869–1871.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. LIPPSON, R. L., and R. E. MILLER. 1971. Crustaceans, p. 92–107.In A Biological Study of Baltimore Harbor. Nat. Res. Inst. Univ. Md Ref. 71–76 (Mimeo.).

  14. LOVE, J. I. 1967. Effects of prolonged exposure to Sevin on an estuarine fish,Leiostomus xanthurus.Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 2:147–155.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. McKIM, J. M., G. M. CHRISTENSEN, and E. P. HUNT. 1970. Changes in the blood of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) after short-term and long-term exposure to copper.J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 27:1883–1889.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. —, and D. A. BENOIT. 1971. Effects of long-term exposures to copper on survival, growth, and reproduction of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis).J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 28:655–662.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. ORR, C. W. M. 1967. Studies on ascorbic acid II. Physical changes in catalase following incubation with ascorbate or ascorbate and copper (II).Biochemistry 6:3000–3009.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. PFITZENMEYER, H. T. 1971. Benthos, p. 20–49.In A Biological Study of Baltimore Harbor. Nat. Res. Inst. Univ. Md. Ref. 71–76 (Mimeo.).

  19. SIEGEL, S. 1956. Nonparametric statistics for the behavioral sciences. McGraw-Hill, New York, 312 p.

    Google Scholar 

  20. SOKAL, R. R., and F. J. ROHLF. 1969. Biometry. W. H. Freeman and Co. San Francisco, 776 p.

    Google Scholar 

  21. SPRAGUE, J. B. 1969. Measurement of pollutant toxicity to fish. I. Bioassay methods for acute toxicity.Water Res. 3:793–821.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. — 1970. Measurement of pollutant toxicity to fish. II. Utilizing and applying bioassay results.Water Res. 4:3–32.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. — 1971. Measurement of pollutant toxicity to fish. III. Sublethal effects and “safe” concentration.Water Res. 5:245–266.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. WALLER, W. T., M. L. DAHLBERG, R. E. SPARKS, and J. CAIRNS, JR. 1971. A computer simulation of the effects of superimposed mortality due to pollutants on populations of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas).J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 28:1107–1112.

    Google Scholar 

  25. WILEY, M. L. 1971. Fish, p. 50–91.In A Biological Study of Baltimore Harbor. Nat. Res. Inst. Univ. Md. Ref. 71–76 (Mimeo.).

  26. WILLIAMS, A. K., and C. R. SOYA. 1966. Acetylcholinesterase levels in brains of fishes from polluted waters.Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 1:198–204.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. WROBLEWSKI, F., and J. S. LA DUE. 1955. Lactic dehydrogenase activity in blood.Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. Med. 90:210.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Raymond P. Morgan.

Additional information

Contribution No. 524 from the Chesapeake Biological Laboratory

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Morgan, R.P., Fleming, R.F., Rasin, V.J. et al. Sublethal effects of baltimore harbor water on the white perch,Morone americana, and the hogchoker,Trinectes maculatus . Chesapeake Science 14, 17 (1973). https://doi.org/10.2307/1350699

Download citation

Keywords

  • Water Quality
  • Dieldrin
  • Brook Trout
  • Control Fish
  • Sublethal Effect