, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 497–504 | Cite as

The past, present, and future of sex segregation methodoloqy

  • David B. GruskyEmail author
  • Maria Charles
Occupational Segregation by Sex


We review the logic underlying margin-free analyses of sex segregation arrays. In the course of our review, we show that the Karmel-MacLachlan decomposition does not live up to its margin-free billing, as the index upon which it rests, I p , is itself margin-sensitive. Moreover, because the implicit individualism of D is necessarily inconsistent with margin-free analysis, the field would do well to abandon not merely the Karmel-MacLachlan decomposition but all related efforts to purge marginal dependencies from D-inspired measures. The criticisms that Watts (1998) levels against our log-multiplicative approach are likewise unconvincing. We demonstrate that our preferred models pass the test of organizational equivalence, that the “problem⤎ of zero cells can be solved by applying well-developed methods for ransacking incomplete or sparse tables, and that simple log-multiplicative models can be readily devised to analyze disaggregate arrays. We illustrate these conclusions by analyzing a new cross-national archive of detailed segregation data.


Occupational Segregation Methodological Individualism Segregation Index Zero Cell Segregation Profile 
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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyStanford UniversityStanford
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of California-San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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