, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 273–285 | Cite as

Religious involvement and U.S. adult mortality

  • Robert A. Hummer
  • Richard G. Rogers
  • Charles B. Nam
  • Christopher G. Ellison
Factors Affecting Mortality


We use recently released, nationally representative data from the National Health Interview Survey—Multiple Cause of Death linked file to model the association of religious attendance and sociodemographic, health, and behavioral correlates with overall and cause-specific mortality. Religious attendance is associated with U.S. adult mortality in a graded fashion: People who never attend exhibit 1.87 times the risk of death in the follow-up period compared with people who attend more than once a week. This translates into a seven-year difference in life expectancy at age 20 between those who never attend and those who attend more than once a week. Health selectivity is responsible for a portion of the religious attendance effect: People who do not attend church or religious services are also more likely to be unhealthy and, conse-quently, to die. However, religious attendance also works through increased social ties and behavioral factors to decrease the risks of death. And although the magnitude of the association between religious attendance and mortality varies by cause of death, the direction of the association is consistent across causes.


National Health Interview Survey Adult Mortality Church Attendance Religious Involvement Religious Attendance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert A. Hummer
    • 1
  • Richard G. Rogers
    • 2
  • Charles B. Nam
    • 3
  • Christopher G. Ellison
    • 4
  1. 1.Population Research Center and Department of SociologyUniversity of Texas at AustinAustin
  2. 2.Department of Sociology and Population ProgramUniversity of Colorado at BoulderUSA
  3. 3.Department of Sociology and Center for the Study of PopulationFlorida State UniversityUSA
  4. 4.Department of Sociology and Population Research CenterUniversity of Texas at AustinUSA

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