, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 455–468 | Cite as

Geographic mobility of scientists: Sex differences and family constraints

  • Kimberlee A. ShaumanEmail author
  • Yu Xie
Determinants and Consequences of Migration


Women scientists are much more likely than men scientists to be in two-career marriages. This study examines the argument that the higher prevalence of two-career marriages among women scientists presents a significant impediment to their geographic mobility. Three hypotheses are developed and tested. First. scientists in two-career families are less likely to migrate than scientists in one-career families. Second, the effect of two-career marriages on the probability of migration differs with gender; women are affected more negatively. Third, the effect of children on the probability of migration differs with gender; women are affected more negatively. The empirical work uses a data set of doctoral scientists extracted from the 5% Public Use Microdata Sample from the 1990 census. The first two hypotheses are not confirmed by the empirical results. but we find evidence supporting the third. Family constraints on women scientists’ careers generally appear to be weak. but become acute when they have children.


Family Migration Geographic Mobility Female Scientist Woman Scientist Academic Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Population Studies Center and Department of SociologyUniversity of MichiganAnn Arbor

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