, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 617–637 | Cite as

Recent trends in the process of stratification

  • David B. Grusky
  • Thomas A. DiPrete
Redistribution and Stratification


Using the 14 annual cross-sections from the General Social Survey, we specify a “basic model” of attainment and describe the year-by-year fluctuations in its parameters. The results are partially consistent with theories describing the gradual growth of universalistic patterns of stratification and mobility. Under a linear model of educational achievement, we find that the direct effects of race are weakening and the returns to class-based advantages are declining in tandem. The contours of the socioeconomic “gender gap” are also changing in important ways, with the male intercept declining at a rapid pace and the female term registering small and insignificant yearby-year gains. At the same time, the returns to experience and schooling are increasing for men, whereas the corresponding returns for women have remained stable over the 15-year period. This pattern of interaction effects implies that the size of the gender gap varies over time and across different population groups.


Labor Force Trend Line American Sociological Review General Social Survey Occupational Attainment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Population Association of America 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • David B. Grusky
    • 1
  • Thomas A. DiPrete
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SociologyStanford UniversityStanford
  2. 2.Department of SociologyDuke UniversityDurham

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