Underreporting of abortion in surveys of U.S. women: 1976 to 1988
- 120 Downloads
Although research on reproductive behavior depends heavily on information from surveys, abortions are characteristically underreported in such data. Estimates of the level of reporting are made for each of the recent major surveys of U.S. women: the 1976, 1982, and 1988 cycles of the National Survey of Family Growth, the 1976 and 1979 National Surveys of Young Women, and the National Longitudinal Surveys of Work Experience of Youth. The estimates are based on comparisons with external counts of abortions taking place. We examine variation by characteristics of women, trends over time, and the possible effects of length of recall and of the way in which questions about abortion are asked. Abortion reporting is found to be highly deficient in all the surveys, although the level varies widely. Whites are more likely to report their abortions than nonwhites. Special, confidential questioning procedures hold promise for improving the results.
KeywordsNational Longitudinal Survey Abortion Service Calendar Period Pregnancy History Family Planning Perspective
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Center for Human Resource Research. 1988. NLS Handbook 1988. Columbus: The Ohio State University.Google Scholar
- Centers for Disease Control. 1990. “Abortion Surveillance, 1986-87.” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 39(June, SS-2):23–56.Google Scholar
- Hammerslough, Charles R. 1987. “Correcting Survey-Based Contraceptive Failure Rates for Abortion Underreporting.” Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University.Google Scholar
- Henshaw, Stanley K. (eds.). Forthcoming. Abortion Services in the United States, Each State and Metropolitan Area, 1987–1988. New York: The Alan Guttmacher Institute.Google Scholar
- Jones, Elise F. and Jacqueline Darroch Forrest. 1989. “Correction of the Contraceptive Failure Rates from the 1982 NSFG for Underreporting of Abortion.” Interim report submitted to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.Google Scholar
- London, Kathryn A. and Linda B. Williams. 1990. “A Comparison of Abortion Underreporting in an In-Person Interview and a Self Administered Questionnaire.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Toronto.Google Scholar
- Mott, Frank L. 1983. Fertility-Related Data in the 1982 National Longitudinal Surveys of Work Experience of Youth: An Evaluation of Data Quality and Some Preliminary Analytical Results. Columbus: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University.Google Scholar
- Mott, Frank L. Evaluation of Fertility Data and Preliminary Analytical Results from the 1983 (5th Round) Survey of the National Longitudinal Surveys of Work Experience of Youth. Columbus: Center for Human Resource Research, The Ohio State University.Google Scholar
- United States Bureau of the Census. 1990. Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1990. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar