, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 1–19

Residential preferences and neighborhood racial segregation: A test of the schelling segregation model

  • W. A. V. Clark
Residential Segregation


The debate over the role of the forces that create the patterns of residential separation has identified neighborhood preferences as one of the explanatory variables, but although we possess some empirical data on the nature of neighborhood racial preferences, the theoretical contributions have received only limited empirical evaluation. Among the theoretical statements. Schelling’s model of the effects of small differences in preferences on residential patterns has provided a basic building block in our understanding of preferences, choices, and patterns. Several recent surveys of residential preferences provide the data with which to evaluate the underpinnings of the Schelling model. The preference/tolerance schedules that are derived from the data have a different functional form from that suggested by Schelling, but confirm the view that stable integrated equilibria are unlikely.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anas, A. 1980. “A Model of Residential Change and Neighborhood Tipping.” Journal of Urban Economics 7: 358–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Armor, D. 1980. “White Flight and the Future of School Desegregation.” Pp. 187–226 in School Desegregation, edited by W. Stephan and J. Feagin. New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  3. Bailey, M. 1966. “Effects of Race and Other Demographic Factors on the Values of Single Family Homes.” Land Economics 12: 215–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bobo, L., H. Schuman, and C. Steel. 1986 “ Changing Racial Attitudes toward Residential Integration.” pp. 152–69 in Housing Desegregation and Federal Policy, edited by J. Goering. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  5. Clark, W.A.V. 1980. “Residential Mobility and Neighborhood Change: Some Implications for Racial Residential Segregation.” Urban Geography 1: 95–117.Google Scholar
  6. —. 1986. “Residential Segregation in American Cities: A Review and Interpretation.” Population Research and Policy Review 5: 95–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. ]—. 1987. “Urban Restructuring from a Demographic Perspective.” Economic Geography 63: 103–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. ]—. 1988. “Racial Transition in Metropolitan Suburbs: Evidence from Atlanta.” Urban Geography 3: 269–282.Google Scholar
  9. Courant, P. and J. Yinger. 1977. “On Models of Racial Prejudice and Urban Residential Structure.” Journal of Urban Economics 4: 272–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dyer, J., A. Vedlitz, and S. Worchel. 1989. “Social Distance among Racial and Ethnic Groups in Texas: Some Demographic Correlates.” Social Science Quarterly 70: 607–16.Google Scholar
  11. Farley, R. 1978. “Chocolate City, Vanilla Suburbs. Will the Trend toward Racially Separate Communities Continue?” Social Science Research 7: 319–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Farley, R., S. Bianchi, and D. Colasanto. 1979. “Barriers to the Racial Integration of Neighborhoods: The Detroit Case.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 41: 97–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fauman, S. 1957. “Housing Discrimination, Changing Neighborhoods, and Public Schools.” Journal of Social Issues 13: 21–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Frey, W. 1985. “Mover Destination Selectivity and the Changing Suburbanization of Metropolitan Whites and Blacks.” Demography 22: 223–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Galster, G. 1988. “Residential Segregation in American Cities: A Contrary Review.” Population Research and Policy Review 7: 93–112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jakubs, J. 1986. “Recent Racial Segregation in U.S. SMSAS.” Urban Geography 7: 146–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kern, C. 1981. “Racial Prejudice and Residential Segregation: The Yinger Model Revisited.” Journal of Urban Economics 10: 164–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. King, A. and P. Mieszkowski. 1973. “Racial Discrimination, Segregation and the Price of Housing.” Journal of Political Economy 81: 590–606.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lee, B. 1985. “Racially Mixed Neighborhoods during the 1970s: Change or Stability.” Social Science. Quarterly 66: 346–64.Google Scholar
  20. Levin, C.; J. Little, H. Nourse, and R. Read. 1976. Neighborhood Change: Lessons in the Dynamics of Urban Decay. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.Google Scholar
  21. Massey, D. and N. Denton. 1987. “Trends in the Residential Segregation of Blacks, Hispanics and Asians: 1970–1980.” American Sociological Review 52: 802–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. —. 1989. “Hyper Segregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Black and Hispanic Segregation along Five Dimensions.” Demography 26: 373–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Massey, D. and B. Mullan. 1984. “Processes of Hispanic and Black Spatial Assimilation.” American Journal of Sociology 89: 836–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Newby, R.G. 1982. “Segregation, Desegregation and Racial Balance: Status Implications of These Concepts.” The Urban Review 14: 17–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pettigrew, T.F. 1973. “Attitudes on Race and Housing: A Social-Psychological View.” Pp. 21–84 in Segregation in Residential Areas, edited by A. Hawley and V. Rock. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
  26. Rose-Ackerman, S. 1975. “Racism and Urban Structure.” Journal of Urban Economics 2: 85–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Schelling, T. 1971. “Dynamic Models of Segregation.” Journal of Mathematical Sociology 1: 143–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Spain, D. and L. Long. 1981. Black Movement to the Suburbs: Are They Moving to Predominantly White Neighborhoods? Washington, DC: U.S. Bureau of the Census.Google Scholar
  29. Streitweiser, M. and J. Goodman. 1983. “A Survey of Recent Research on Race and Residential Location.” Population Research and Policy Review 2: 253–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Taeuber, K. 1979. “Housing, Schools and Incremental Segregation Effects.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 44: 157–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Taylor, D.G. 1979. “Housing, Neighborhoods, and Race Relations: Recent Survey Evidence.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 441: 26–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. White, M. 1977. “Urban Models of Race Discrimination.” Regional Science and Urban Economics 7: 217–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yinger, I. 1976. “Racial Prejudice and Racial Residential Segregation in an Urban Model.” Journal of Urban Economics 3: 383–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Population Association of America 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. A. V. Clark
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of CaliforniaLos Angeles

Personalised recommendations