Demography

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 157–169

Effects of the immigration act of 1965 on selected population characteristics of immigrants to the United States

  • Charles B. Keely
Article

Abstract

Recent changes in immigration law have affected the characteristics of immigrants coming to the United States. The major changes in immigration policy contained in the 1965 Immigration Act, which amended the McCarran-Walter Act of 1952, concerned the abolition of the quota system, preference system and labor clearances for certain classes of immigrants. The effects of these policy changes on two controversial characteristics of immigrants, their country of origin and occupational levels, are traced. The law led to clear changes in origin of immigrants. Southern European, Asian and Caribbean immigrants make up a larger proportion of immigrants than previously. Although the volume of immigration increased, the distribution of occupational levels remained about the same. The sources of the various occupational groups shifted to some extent, especially the professional level from Asian countries. Some effects of the policy changes and the changes in population characteristics on the American social and political scene are briefly outlined.

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References

  1. Harper, Elizabeth J. 1969. Who are today’s immigrants? Paper presented at the National Conference on Social Welfare in New York.Google Scholar
  2. Keely, Charles B. 1970. The Immigration Act of 1965: A Study of the Relationship of Social Science Theory to Group Interest and Legislation. Unpublished dissertation. Fordham University.Google Scholar
  3. Immigration and Naturalization Service. 19521968. Annual Report of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. U. S. Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  4. U. S. House of Representatives. 1965. Amending the Immigration and Nationality Act and for Other Purposes. Report No. 745, 89th Congress, 1st Session.Google Scholar
  5. U. S. Senate. 1965. Amending the Immigration and Nationality Act and for Other Purposes. Report No. 748, 89th Congress, 1st Session.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Population Association of America 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles B. Keely
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyWestern Michigan UniversityKalamazoo

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