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Estuaries

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 21–30 | Cite as

Effects of salinity on NH4 + adsorption capacity, nitrification, and denitrification in Danish estuarine sediments

  • Søren Rysgaard
  • Peter Thastum
  • Tage Dalsgaard
  • Peter Bondo Christensen
  • Niels P. Sloth
Article

Abstract

The regulatory effect of salinity on nitrogen dynamics in estuarine sediments was investigated in the Randers Fjord estuary, Denmark, using sediment slurries and intact sediment cores and applying 15N-isotope techniques. Sediment was sampled at three representative stations varying in salinity, and all experiments were run at 0‰, 10‰, 20‰, and 30‰. The sediment NH4 + adsorption capacity decreased markedly at all stations when salinity was increased from 0‰ to 10‰; further increase showed little effect. In situ nitrification and denitrification also decreased with increasing salinities, with the most pronounced reduction of approximately 50% being observed when the salinity was raised from 0‰ to 10‰. The salinity-induced reduction in NH4 + adsorption capacity and stimulation of NH4 + efflux has previously been argued to cause a reduction in nitrification activity since the nitrifying bacteria become limited by NH4 + availability at higher salinities. However, using a potential nitrification assay where NH4 + was added in excess, it was demonstrated that potential nitrification activity also decreased with increasing salinity, indicating that the inhibitory salinity effect may also be a physiological effect on the microorganisms. This hypothesis was supported by the finding that denitrification based on NO3 from the overlying water (Dw), which is independent of the nitrification process, and hence NH4 + availability, also decreased with increasing salinity. We conclude that changes in salinity have a significant effect on nitrogen dynamics in estuarine sediments, which must be considered when nitrogen transformations are measured and evaluated.

Keywords

Denitrification Overlie Water Estuarine Sediment Nitrify Bacterium Potential Nitrification 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Estuarine Research Federation 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Søren Rysgaard
    • 1
  • Peter Thastum
    • 1
  • Tage Dalsgaard
    • 1
  • Peter Bondo Christensen
    • 1
  • Niels P. Sloth
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Lake and Estuarine EcologyNational Environmental Research InstituteSilkeborgDenmark

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