Phosphorus, silicon, and some trace contaminants in the Ganges Estuary
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Dissolved silica and phosphorous show a highly nonconservative behavior in the Ganges Estuary. In addition, phosphorous also shows seasonal variations, with winter levels higher than the levels in the monsoon. Mineral composition inducates enrichment of coarse quartz grains due to selective removal of finer clays in the estuary, either due to flocculation or due to dredging effects of the Port of Calcutta. Particulate P and Si show strong opposite trends, possibly indicating the presence of P in predominently nondetrial fractions in the sediments. Certain trace contaminants, such as Fe, Mn, Cu, Pb and Zn, show seasonal variability as well as enrichment in suspended particulate material relative to bed sediments. Levels of all these contaminents are still well below those reported for rivers such as the Rhine and other highly man-influenced systems.
KeywordsSeasonal Variability United States Geological Survey Heavy Metal Distribution Suspended Particulate Material Trace Contaminant
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