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Estuaries

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 202–212 | Cite as

Microphytobenthos: The ecological role of the “secret garden” of unvegetated, shallow-water marine habitats. II. role in sediment stability and shallow-water food webs

  • Douglas C. MillerEmail author
  • Richard J. Geider
  • Hugh L. MacIntyre
Article

Abstract

The microphytobenthos form an important component of all shallow-water ecosystems where enough light reaches the sediment surface to support appreciable primary production. Although less conspicuous than macroalgae or vascular plants, the microphytobenthos can contribute significantly to primary production and can modify habitat characteristics. The microphytobenthos alter sediment properties (e.g., erodibility) both directly, in the extreme forming a mat or scum on the sediment surface, and indirectly by modifying the activities of benthic infauna (e.g., pelletization, burrowing, tube building, and sediment tracking). Carbon dioxide fixed by the microphytobenthos supports higher, grazing trophic levels. These include deposit-feeding and suspension-feeding macrofauna as well as meiofauna and microfauna. Quantitative relations between the feeding and growth rates of macrofauna and the abundance of microphytobenthos and suspended organic matter (i.e., functional responses) are reviewed. Given the current state of knowledge of the direct and indirect interactions involving trophic dynamics, sediment properties, and benthic microalgae, we argue for reductionist studies of particular interactions as distinct entities. This is a prerequisite for the emergence of a comprehensive picture of unvegetated ecosystems and the ability to predict their responses to man’s activities. *** DIRECT SUPPORT *** A01BY074 00005

Keywords

Salt Marsh Polychaete Marine Biology Meiofauna Marine Ecology Progress Series 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Estuarine Research Federation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas C. Miller
    • 1
    Email author
  • Richard J. Geider
    • 1
  • Hugh L. MacIntyre
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate College of Marine StudiesUniversity of DelawareLewes

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