, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 219–224 | Cite as

The flume net: A quantitative method for sampling fishes and macrocrustaceans on tidal marsh surfaces

  • Carole C. McIvor
  • William E. Odum


We describe the use of flume nets for passively, quantitatively, and nondestructively sampling fishes and macrocrustaceans on tidal marsh surfaces. We captured 3,765 organisms of 23 species in 118 samples using six such nets in a Virginia tidal freshwater marsh in 1984. Efficiency estimates for four common species of fishes range from 53 to 80%. Flume nets are most suited to the collection of long-term data and are particularly useful in elucidating seasonal trends in species composition and relative abundance. These nets are also useful in comparing different microhabitats within and between marshes. This method is most applicable to intertidal habitats with predictable lunar tides, including mud flats, mangrove swamps, and other wetlands.


Blue Crab Marsh Surface Grass Shrimp High Marsh Tidal Freshwater Marsh 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Crabtree, R. E., and J. M. Dean. 1982. The structure of two South Carolina estuarine tide pool fish assemblages. Estuaries 5:2–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Freeman, B. J., H. S. Greening, and J. D. Oliver. 1984. Comparison of three methods for sampling fishes and macroinvertebrates in a vegetated fresh-water wetland. J. Freshwater Ecol. 2:603–610.Google Scholar
  3. Gilmore, R. G., J. K. Holt, R. S. Jones, G. R. Kulczycki, L. G. MacDowell, III, and W. C. Magley. 1978. Portable tripod drop net for estuarine fish studies. Fish. Bull. 76:285–289.Google Scholar
  4. Kushlan, J. A. 1974. Quantitative sampling of fish populations in shallow, freshwater environments. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 103:348–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kushlan, J. A. 1981. Sampling characteristics of enclosure fish traps. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 110:557–562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Larimore, R. W. 1961. Fish population and electro-fishing success in a warm-water stream. J. Wildl. Manage. 25:1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Moseley, F. N., and B. J. Copeland. 1969. A portable drop-net for representative sampling of nekton. J. Mar. Sci. 14:37–45.Google Scholar
  8. Nixon, S. W. 1982. The ecology of New England high salt marshes: A community profile. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. FWS/OBS-81/55. 70 p.Google Scholar
  9. Odum, W. E., T. J. Smith III, J. K. Hoover, and C. C. McIvor. 1984. The ecology of tidal freshwater marshes of the United States east coast: A community profile. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. FWS/OBS-83/17. 177 p.Google Scholar
  10. Primmer, K. W. 1975. The occurrence and abundance of fishes in the Ogechee River with a comparison of sampling methods. M.S. Thesis. Univ. of Georgia, Athens. 60 p.Google Scholar
  11. Reynolds, J. B. 1983. Electrofishing, p. 147–163. In L. A. Nielsen and D. L. Johnsons (eds), Fisheries Techniques. American Fisheries Society.Google Scholar
  12. Shireman, J. V., D. E. Colle, and D. F. DuRant. 1981. Efficiency of rotenone sampling with large and small block nets in vegetated and open-water habitats. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 110:77–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. U.S. Department of Commerce. 1983. Tide Tables 1984 (High and Low Water Predictions) East Coast of North and South America, Including Greenland. NOAA National Ocean Survey, Rockville.Google Scholar
  14. Wegener, W., D. Holcomb, and V. Williams 1973. Sampling shallow water fish populations using the Wegener ring. Proc. Annu. Conf. Southeast. Assoc. Game Fish Comm. 27:663–674.Google Scholar
  15. Weinstein, M. P., and R. W. Davis. 1980. Collection efficiency of seine and rotenone samples from tidal creeks, Cape Fear River, North Carolina. Estuaries 3:98–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Zimmerman, R. J., T. J. Minello, and G. Zamora, Jr. 1984. Selection of vegetated habitat by brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus in a Galveston Bay salt marsh. Fish. Bull. 82:325–336.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Estuarine Research Federation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carole C. McIvor
    • 1
  • William E. Odum
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences Clark HallUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesville

Personalised recommendations