Estuaries

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 65–68 | Cite as

Food of juvenile American shad,Alosa sapidissima, juvenile blueback herring,Alosa aestivalis, and pumpkinseed,Lepomis gibbosus, in the Connecticut River below Holyoke Dam, Massachusetts

  • Robert B. Domermuth
  • Roger J. Reed
Short Papers and Notes

Abstract

Despite·a paucity of available prey, little feeding competition occurred between juvenile American shad,Alosa sapidissima, juvenile blueback herring,Alosa aestivalis, and pumpkinseed,Lepomis gibbosus, in the Connecticut River below Holyoke Dam. Pumpkinseed differed from clupeids in pronounced selection for chironomid larvae, and bottom feeding. Feeding conflicts between the twoAlosa species were reduced by: 1) more opportunistic feeding by shad; 2) differential selection for cladoceran prey; 3) higher utilization of copepods by herring.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Bigelow, H. B., and W. C., Schroeder. 1953. Fishes of the Gulf of Maine. Fish. Bull. U.S. Fish Wildl. Serv. Vol. 53. 577 p.Google Scholar
  2. Burbidge, R. G. 1974. Distribution, growth, selective feeding, and energy transformation of young-of-the-year blueback herring,Alosa aestivalis (Mitchill), in the James River, Virginia.Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 103(2):297–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Davis, J. R., and R. P. Cheek., 1966. Distribution, food habits, and growth of young clupeids, Cape Fear River System, North Carolina. D. J. Rep. F-16-R North Carolina. 18 p. (mimeo).Google Scholar
  4. Hynes, H. B. N. 1970. The ecology of running waters. Univ. of Toronto Press, Toronto, Canada. 555 p.Google Scholar
  5. Ivlev, V. S. 1961. Experimental ecology of the feeding of fishes. Yale Univ. Press. New Haven, Conn. 302 p.Google Scholar
  6. Kimball, R. A., A. N. Cooperman, and W. R. Jobin. 1970. Connecticut River survey 1966, Part A: Data record on water quality. Mass. Water Res. Comm. 68 p.Google Scholar
  7. Leim, A. H. 1924. The life history of the shad,Alosa sapidissima (Wilson), with special reference to the factors limiting its abundance.Contrib. Can. Biol. 2(11):161–284Google Scholar
  8. Levesque, R. C., andR. J. Reed. 1972. Food availability and consumption by young Connecticut River shadAlosa sapidissima.J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 29:1495–1499.Google Scholar
  9. Loesch, J. 1968. A contribution to the life history ofAlosa aestivalis (Mitchill). M.S. Thesis. Univ. Conn., Storrs. 31 p.Google Scholar
  10. Massmann, W. H. 1963. Summer foods of juvenile American shad in Virginia waters.Chesapeake Sci. 4(4):167–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Prescott, C. S. 1969. Annual progress report—Anadromous fish project, Connecticut River shad study—Massachusetts. Rep. No. AFS-2-2. Mass. Fish Game. 35 p.Google Scholar
  12. Richards, S. W. 1963. The demersal fish population of Long Island Sound. III. Food of juveniles from a mud locality (stations 3A).Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Coll. 18:73–93.Google Scholar
  13. Walburg, C. H. 1956. Observations on, the food and growth of juvenile American shad.Alosa sapidissima.Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 86:302–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Williams, R. O., and G. E. Bruger. 1972. Investigations on American shad in the St. Johns River. Florida Dep. Nat. Resource Tech. Ser. No. 66. 49 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Estuarine Research Federation 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert B. Domermuth
    • 1
  • Roger J. Reed
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts Cooperative Fishery Research UnitUniversity of MassachusettsAmherst

Personalised recommendations