Advertisement

Estuaries

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 106–112 | Cite as

The influence of nitrogen level, form, and application method on the growth response ofSpartina alterniflora in North Carolina

  • Irving A. Mendelssohn
Article

Abstract

The influence of nitrogen level, form, and application method on the growth response of short and tallSpartina alterniflora was determined in a North Carolina salt marsh. The application of various nitrogen levels increased the aerial standing crop of shortSpartina as much as 172%, but had no significant effect on that of the tall form. Band application produced a significantly greater yield response than broadcast application in both height forms. The yield of shortSpartina increased significantly more from ammonium fertilization than from nitrate, while there was no significant effect of nitrogen form on tallSpartina. Band application of ammonium-nitrogen fertilizer significantly increased the yield of shortSpartina more than band application of nitrate-nitrogen and broadcast application of either nitrogen form.

Keywords

Salt Marsh Standing Crop Nitrogen Level Stem Density Nitrogen Fertilization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Broome, S. W., W. W. Woodhouse, Jr., andE. D. Seneca. 1975. The relationship of mineral nutrients to growth ofSpartina alterniflora in North Carolina: II. The effects of N, P, and Fe fertilizers.Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc. 30:301–307.Google Scholar
  2. Cochran, W. G., andG. M. Cox. 1957. Experimental designs. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 611 p.Google Scholar
  3. Gallagher, J. L. 1975. Effect of an ammonium pulse on the growth and elemental composition of natural stands ofSpartina alterniflora and Juncus roemerianus.Amer. J. Bot. 62:644–648.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gosselink, J. G. 1970. Growth ofSpartina patens andS. alterniflora as influenced by salimity and source of nitrogen. Louisiana State University. Coastal Studies Bull No. 5, p. 97–110.Google Scholar
  5. Gosselink, J. G., E. P. Odum, and R. M. Pope. 1973. The value of the tidal marsh. Urban and Regional Development Center. Work paper no. 3. Gainesville, FL. 25 p.Google Scholar
  6. Maye, P. R., III. 1972. Some important inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus species in Georgia salt marsh. Environmental Resources, Center. Georgia Institute of Technology. Report 0272, 60 p.Google Scholar
  7. Mendelssohn, I. A. 1978. Eco-physiological aspects of the height forms ofSpartina alterniflora in North Carolina: Nitrogen nutrition and soil waterlogging. Ph.D. Thesis. North Carolina State University at Raleigh. 142 p.Google Scholar
  8. Odum, E. P. 1961. The role of tidal marshes in estuarine production.The. N. Y. State Conservationist 15:12–15.Google Scholar
  9. Patrick, W. H., Jr., D. A. Antie, R. D. Delaune, and R. M. Engler. 1972. Nitrate removal from the watermud interface in flooded soils and marsh sediments. Second National Coastal and Shallow Water Res. Conf. Abstr. 174.Google Scholar
  10. —. 1976. Nitrogen and phosphorus utilization bySpartina alterniflora in a salt marsh in Barataria Bay, Louisiana.Estuarine and Coastal Mar. Sci. 4:59–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. —. 1972. Nitrogen loss from flooded soil.Ecology 53:735–737.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sullivan, M. J., andF. C. Daiber. 1974. Response in production of cordgrass,Spartina alterniflora, to inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer.Chesapeake Sci. 15:121–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Valiela, I., andJ. M. Teal. 1974. Nutrient limitation in salt marsh vegetation. p. 547–563.In R. J. Reimold and W. H. Queen (eds.), Ecology of Halophytes. Academic Press, Inc., New York and London.Google Scholar
  14. Woodhouse, W. W., Jr., E. D. Seneca, and S. W. Broome. 1976. Propagation and use ofSpartina alterniflora for shoreline erosion abatement. U.S. Army, Corps of Engineers Coastal Engineering Research Center. Tech. Report No. 76-2, 72. p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Estuarine Research Federation 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irving A. Mendelssohn
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleigh

Personalised recommendations