, Volume 9, Supplement 3, pp 62–66

French Economic Evaluations of Influenza and Influenza Vaccination

  • Emile Levy
Section 3: Economic Evaluation of Influenza Vaccination and Economic Modelling

DOI: 10.2165/00019053-199600093-00014

Cite this article as:
Levy, E. Pharmacoeconomics (1996) 9(Suppl 3): 62. doi:10.2165/00019053-199600093-00014


The cost-of-illness studies of influenza performed in France for the years 1985 and 1989 have shown that the major economic consideration is the respective sizes of indirect and direct costs.

Depending on the point of view (from the perspective of National Health Insurance or the societal perspective) and the method used for measuring indirect costs, it was estimated that they could be between 1.5 and 9 times higher than direct costs.

A cost-benefit study of influenza vaccination for the employed adult population showed that vaccination is a cost-saving strategy, although this was also contingent upon the problems associated with measuring indirect benefits as well as the effectiveness rate of vaccination in real conditions.

Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emile Levy
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Economie et d’Gestion des Organisations de Santé (LEGOS)Paris-Dauphine UniversityFrance

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