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Sports Medicine

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 501–512 | Cite as

Pulmonary Oedema following Exercise in Humans

  • Alastair N. H. HodgesEmail author
  • John R. Mayo
  • Donald C. McKenzie
Review Article

Abstract

Pulmonary physiologists have documented many transient changes in the lung and the respiratory system during and following exercise, including the incomplete oxygen saturation of arterial blood in some subjects, possibly due to transient pulmonary oedema. The large increase in pulmonary arterial pressure during exercise, leading to either increased pulmonary capillary leakage and/or pulmonary capillary stress failure, is likely to be responsible for any increase in extravascular lung water during exercise.

The purpose of this article is to summarise the studies to date that have specifically examined lung water following exercise. A limited number of studies have been completed with the specific purpose of identifying pulmonary oedema following exercise or a similar intervention. Of these, approximately 50% have observed a positive change and the remaining have provided results that are either inconclusive or show no change in extravascular lung water.

While it is difficult to draw a firm conclusion from these studies, we believe that pulmonary oedema does occur in some humans following exercise. As such, this is a phenomenon of significance to pulmonary and exercise physiologists. This possibility warrants further study in the area with more precise measurement tools than has previously been undertaken.

Keywords

Pulmonary Oedema Exercise Bout Extravascular Lung Water Lung Density Perivascular Cuff 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge support from the British Columbia Sports Medicine Research Foundation. The authors have no conflicts of interest that are directly related to the contents of this review.

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Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alastair N. H. Hodges
    • 1
    Email author
  • John R. Mayo
    • 2
  • Donald C. McKenzie
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Human Kinetics and Allan McGavin Sports Medicine CentreUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Vancouver General HospitalUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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