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Sports Medicine

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 193–206 | Cite as

The Role of Exercise Training in the Treatment of Hypertension

An Update
  • James M. HagbergEmail author
  • Jung-Jun Park
  • Michael D. Brown
Review Article

Abstract

Hypertension is a very prevalent cardiovascular (CV) disease risk factor in developed countries. All current treatment guidelines emphasise the role of nonpharmacological interventions, including physical activity, in the treatment of hypertension. Since our most recent review of the effects of exercise training on patients with hypertension, 15 studies have been published in the English literature. These results continue to indicate that exercise training decreases blood pressure (BP) in approximately 75% of individuals with hypertension, with systolic and diastolic BP reductions averaging approximately 11 and 8mm Hg, respectively. Women may reduce BP more with exercise training than men, and middle-aged people with hypertension may obtain greater benefits than young or older people. Low to moderate intensity training appears to be as, if not more, beneficial as higher intensity training for reducing BP in individuals with hypertension. BP reductions are rapidly evident although, at least for systolic BP, there is a tendency for greater reductions with more prolonged training. However, sustained BP reductions are evident during the 24 hours following a single bout of exercise in patients with hypertension.

Keywords

Diastolic Blood Pressure Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Exercise Training Leave Ventricular Hypertrophy Blood Pressure Reduction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • James M. Hagberg
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jung-Jun Park
    • 1
  • Michael D. Brown
  1. 1.Department of KinesiologyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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