Advertisement

Sports Medicine

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 4–9 | Cite as

Fluid and Electrolyte Loss During Exercise

The Paediatric Angle
  • Flavia Meyer
  • Oded Bar-Or
Leading Article

Keywords

Cystic Fibrosis Bodyweight Loss Sweating Rate Electrolyte Loss Cystic Fibrosis Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Gisolfi CV, Copping JR. Thermal effects of prolonged treadmill exercise in the heat. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1974; 6: 108–13Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sawka MN, Pandolf KB. Effect of body water loss on physiological function and exercise performance. In: Gisolfi CV, Lamb DR, editors. Perspectives in exercise and sport medicine. Vol 3. Fluid homeostasis during exercise. Indianapolis: Benchmark, 1990: 1–30Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Senay L. Temperature regulation and hypohydration: a singular view. J Appl Physiol 1979; 47: 1–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Sports Medicine. Climatic heat stress and the exercising child. Pediatrics 1982; 69: 808–9Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Squire DL. Heat illness. Fluid and electrolyte issues for pediatric and adolescent athletes. Pediatr Clin North Am 1990; 37: 1085–109PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Araki T, Toda Y, Matsushita K, et al. Age differences in sweating during muscular exercise. Jpn J Phys Fitness Sports Med 1979; 28: 239–48Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Davies CTM. Thermal responses to exercise in children. Ergonomics 1981; 24: 55–61PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Inbar O. Acclimatization to dry and hot environment in young adults and children 8–10 years old [dissertation]. New York: Columbia University, 1978Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Meyer F, Bar-Or O, MacDougall D, et al. Sweat electrolyte loss during exercise in the heat: effects of gender and maturation. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1992; 24: 776–81PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wagner J A, Robinson S, Tzankoff SP, et al. Heat tolerance and acclimatization to work in the heat in relation to age. J Appl Physiol 1972; 33: 616–22PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Falk B, Bar-Or O, MacDougall JD. Thermoregulatory responses of pre-, mid-, and late-pubertal boys to exercise in dry heat. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1992; 24: 688–94PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Drinkwater BL, Kupprat IC, Denton LE, et al. Response of prepuberal girls and college women to work in the heat. J Appl Physiol 1977; 43: 1046–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bar-Or O. Temperature regulation during exercise in children and adolescents. In: Gisolfi CB, Lamb DR, editors. Perspectives in exercise and sport medicine. Vol 2. Youth, exercise and sports. Indianapolis: Benchmark, 1989: 335–67Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bar-Or O, Lundegren HM, Buskirk ER. Heat tolerance of exercising obese and lean women. J Appl Physiol 1969; 26: 403–9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Haymes EM, Buskirk ER, Hodson JL, et al. Heat tolerance of exercising lean and heavy prepubertal girls. J Appl Physiol 1974; 36: 566–71PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Friis-Hansen B. Body water compartments in children: changes during growth and related changes in body composition. Pediatrics 1961; 2: 169–81Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yared A, Ichikawa I. Regulation of plasma osmolality. In: Ichikawa I, editor. Pediatric textbook of fluids and electrolytes. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1989: 64–73Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sato K, Kang WH, Saga K, et al. Biology of sweat glands and their disorders: I. Normal sweat gland function. J Am Acad Dermatol 1989; 20: 537–63PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Armstrong LE, Curtis WC, Hubbard RW, et al. Symptomatic hyponatremia during prolonged exercise in the heat. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1993; 25: 543–49PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Geist M, Barzilai N. Dilutional hyponatremia and convulsions after strenuous exercise [in Hebrew]. Harefuah 1992; 122: 420–1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dill DB, Horvarth SM, Beaumont WV, et al. Sweat chlorides in desert walks. J Appl Physiol 1967; 23: 746–51PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Meyer F, Bar-Or O, MacDougall JD, et al. Effect of Na+ intake on performance and Na+ balance in children during exercise in the heat [abstract]. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1993; 25: 53Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yoshioka T, Iitaka K, Ichikawa I. Body fluid compartments. In: Ichikawa I, editor. Pediatric textbook of fluids and electrolytes. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1989: 14–20Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Gruskin AB, Baluarte HJ, Prebis JW, et al. Serum sodium abnormalities in children. Pediatr Clin North Amer 1982; 29: 907–32Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Gisolfi CV, Summers RW, Schedl HP, et al. Human intestinal water absorption: direct vs indirect measurements. Am J Physiol 1990; 258: 216–22Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gisolfi CV, Spranger KJ, Summers RW, et al. Effects of cycle exercise on intestinal absorption in humans. J Appl Physiol 1991; 71: 2518–27PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Crane RK. The gradient hypothesis and other models of carriermediated active transport. Rev Physiol Biochem Pharmacol 1977; 78: 100–59Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bar-Or O, Dotan R, Inbar O, et al. Voluntary hypohydration in 10-12-year-old boys. J Appl Physiol 1980; 48: 104–8PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bar-Or O, Harris D, Bergstein V, et al. Progressive dehydration in people who vary in adiposity level. Isr J Med Sci 1976; 12: 800–3PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bar-Or O, Blimkie CJR, Hay JH, et al. Voluntary dehydration and heat intolerance in cystic fibrosis. Lancet 1992; 339: 696–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Andersson B. Regulation of body fluids. Ann Rev Physiol 1977; 39: 185–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Meyer F, Bar-Or O, Passe D, et al. Hypohydration in children during exercise in the heat: effect on thirst, drink preferences, and rehydration. Intern J Sport Nutr 1994; 4: 22–35Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hubbard RW, Szlyk PC, Armstrong LE. Influence of thirst and fluid palatability on fluid ingestion during exercise. In: Gisolfi CV, Lamb DR, editors. Perspectives in exercise and sport medicine. Vol 3. Fluid homeostasis during exercise. Indianapolis: Benchmark, 1990: 39–86Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Flavia Meyer
    • 1
  • Oded Bar-Or
    • 1
  1. 1.Children’s Exercise and Nutrition Centre, Department of PediatricsMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

Personalised recommendations