Value of Resistance Training for the Reduction of Sports Injuries
- 115 Downloads
Many competitive and recreational athletes perform resistance training as a part of their conditioning programmes. Resistance training in addition to increasing muscular strength and hypertrophy may also aid in the prevention of injuries. Research indicates that resistance training promotes growth and/or increases in the strength of ligaments, tendons, tendon to bone and ligament to bone junction strength, joint cartilage and the connective tissue sheaths within muscle. Studies involving humans and animal models also demonstrate resistance training can cause increased bone mineral content and therefore may aid in prevention of skeletal injuries.
Investigations to date suggest resistance training can aid in injury prevention. The incidence of various types of overuse injuries, such as swimmers shoulder and tennis elbow, may be reduced by the performance of sport and/or motion specific resistance training activities. Screening of athletes for agonist and antagonist muscle strength imbalances can be utilised to identify athletes possessing a predisposition for injury. Resistance training may then be performed to correct the imbalance and therefore reduce the incidence of injury.
KeywordsResistance Training Bone Mineral Content Shoulder Pain Muscular Strength Tennis Player
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Benum P. Patofysiologi ved artroser. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 96: 1687–1690, 1976Google Scholar
- Costain R, Williams AK. Isokinetic quadriceps and hamstring torque levels of adolescent, female soccer players. Journal of Orthopaedic Sports Physical Therapy 5: 196–200, 1984Google Scholar
- Dominguez RH. Shoulder pain in age group swimmers. In Eriksson & Furlong (Eds) Swimming medicine IV, pp. 105–109, University Park Press, Baltimore, 1978Google Scholar
- Falkel JE, Murray JA, Murray TF, Cox JB. Effect of resistive exercise on shoulder external rotation strength and endurance in swimmers. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, submitted for publication, 1985aGoogle Scholar
- Falkel JE, Murray PA, Murray TF, Cox JB. Shoulder external rotation strength and endurance deficits in swimmers. American Journal of Sports Medicine, submitted for publication, 1985bGoogle Scholar
- Fleck SJ, Schutt RC. Types of strength training. Clinics in Sports Medicine 4: 159–168, 1985Google Scholar
- Jones HH, Priest JD, Hayes WC, Tichenor CC, Nagel DA. Humeral hypertrophy in response to exercise. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 59A: 204–208, 1977Google Scholar
- Karpovich PV, Singh M, Tipton C. Effect of deep knee bends on knee stability. Teorie a Praxe Telesne Vchovy 18: 112–115, 1970Google Scholar
- Klein KK. The deep squat exercise as utilised in weight training for athletes and its effect on the ligaments of the knee. Journal of Association of Physical Mental Rehabilitation 15: 6–11, 1971Google Scholar
- Laurent GJ, Sparrow MP, Bates PC, Millward DJ. Collagen content and turnover in cardiac and skeletal muscles of the adult fowl and the changes during stretch-induced growth. Biochemistry Journal 176: 419–427, 1978Google Scholar
- Montoye HJ, Smith EL, Fardon DF, Howley ET. Bone mineral in senior tennis players. Scandinavian Journal of Sports Science 2: 26–32, 1980Google Scholar
- Parker MG, Ruhling RO, Holt D, Bauman E, Drayna M. Descriptive analysis of quadriceps and hamstring muscle torque in high school football players. Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy 5: 2–6, 1983Google Scholar
- Rankin JM, Thompson LB. Isokinetic evaluation of quadriceps and hamstrings function: normative data concerning body-weight and sport. Athletic Training 18: 110–114, 1983Google Scholar
- Tipton CM. Lesions and connective tissue. In Staff (Ed.) Nordisk idrettsmediginsk Kongress, pp. 67-80, Nordish idrettsmedi-sinsk Kongress, Syntex Terapisevie, 1977Google Scholar
- Tipton CM, Schild RJ, Flau AE. The measurement of ligamen-tous strength in rats. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 49A: 63–72, 1967Google Scholar
- Watson RC. Bone growth and physical activity in young males. International Conference on Bone Mineral Measurements. US Department of Health, Education and Welfare, publication number NIH 75-683: 380-385, 1974Google Scholar