Consistency of Extended-Release Niacin/Laropiprant Effects on Lp(a), ApoB, non-HDL-C, Apo A1, and ApoB/ApoA1 Ratio Across Patient Subgroups
- First Online:
- 84 Downloads
According to prior analyses, extended-release niacin/laropiprant (ERN/LRPT) consistently reduces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG) and increases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels across a wide range of dyslipidemic patient subgroups.
This analysis examined ERN/LRPT’s consistency across four phase III, randomized, double-blind trials in improving other lipid/lipoprotein parameters associated with cardiovascular risk, across several key dyslipidemic patient subgroups.
In three of the studies, the randomized population included patients with primary hypercholesterolemia or mixed hyperlipidemia; in the remaining study, the population included patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The lipid-altering consistency of ERN/LRPT’s efficacy was evaluated versus the predefined comparator (placebo or active control) among key subgroups of sex, race (White, non-White), region (US, ex-US), baseline age (<65 years, ≥65 years), use of statin therapy (yes, no), coronary heart disease (yes, no), risk status (low, multiple, high), and type of hyperlipidemia (primary hypercholesterolemia, mixed dyslipidemia), as well as across baseline LDL-C, HDL-C, and TG levels. The consistency of the treatment effects on lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)], apolipoprotein B (ApoB), non-HDL-C, ApoA1, and ApoB/ApoA1 ratio was evaluated by examining treatment difference estimates of the percentage change from baseline with 95% confidence intervals.
Treatment with ERN/LRPT produced significantly greater improvements in Lp(a), ApoB, non-HDL-C, ApoA1, and ApoB/ApoA1 ratio compared with placebo/active comparator in each study. These effects were generally consistent across key subgroups within each study.
ERN/LRPT produced lipid-altering efficacy on the parameters evaluated in four controlled studies; these effects were generally consistent across all examined subgroups. ERN/LRPT represents an effective and reliable therapeutic option for the treatment of dyslipidemia in a wide range of patient types.
Clinical Trial Registration
Registered as Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00269204, NCT00269217, NCT00479388, and NCT00485758.
- 1.De Backer G, Ambrosioni E, Borch-Johnsen K, et al. European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice. Third Joint Task Force of European and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice. Eur Heart J 2003; 24: 1601–10Google Scholar
- 12.Gleim G, Ballantyne CM, Liu N, et al. Efficacy and safety profile of coadministered ER niacin/laropiprant and simvastatin in dyslipidaemia. Br J Cardiol 2009; 16: 90–7Google Scholar
- 14.MacLean A, McKenney JM, Scott R, et al. Efficacy and safety of extendedrelease niacin/laropiprant in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Br J Cardiol 2011; 18: 37–45Google Scholar