Sports Medicine

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 153–164 | Cite as

Kinesio Taping in Treatment and Prevention of Sports Injuries

A Meta-Analysis of the Evidence for its Effectiveness
  • Sean Williams
  • Chris Whatman
  • Patria A. Hume
  • Kelly Sheerin
Review Article

Abstract

Kinesio tape (KT) is an elastic therapeutic tape used for treating sports injuries and a variety of other disorders. Chiropractor, Dr Kenso Kase, developed KT taping techniques in the 1970s. It is claimed that KT supports injuredmuscles and joints and helps relieve pain by lifting the skin and allowing improved blood and lymph flow. The profile of KT rose after the tape was donated to 58 countries for use during the 2008 Olympic Games, and was seen on high-profile athletes. Practitioners are asking whether they should use KT over other elastic adhesive tapes. The aim of this review was to evaluate, using meta-analysis, the effectiveness ofKT in the treatment and prevention of sports injuries. Electronic databases including SPORTDiscus®, Scopus,MEDLINE, ScienceDirect and sports medicine websites were searched using keywords ‘kinesio taping/tape’. From 97 articles, ten met the inclusion criteria (article reported data for effect of KT on a musculoskeletal outcome and had a control group) and were retained for meta-analyses.Magnitude-based inferences were used to assess clinical worth of positive outcomes reported in studies. Only two studies investigated sports-related injuries (shoulder impingement), and just one of these involved injured athletes. Studies attending to musculoskeletal outcomes in healthy participants were included on the basis that these outcomes may have implications for the prevention of sporting injuries. The efficacy of KT in pain relief was trivial given there were no clinically important results. There were inconsistent range-of-motion outcome results, with at least small beneficial results seen in two studies, but trivial results in two other studies across numerous joint measurements. There was a likely beneficial effect for proprioception regarding grip force sense error, but no positive outcome for ankle proprioception. Seven outcomes relating to strength were beneficial, although there were numerous trivial findings for quadriceps and hamstrings peak torque, and grip strength measures. KT had some substantial effects on muscle activity, but it was unclear whether these changes were beneficial or harmful. In conclusion, there was little quality evidence to support the use ofKT over other types of elastic taping in themanagement or prevention of sports injuries. KT may have a small beneficial role in improving strength, range of motion in certain injured cohorts and force sense error compared with other tapes, but further studies are needed to confirm these findings. The amount of case study and anecdotal support for KT warrants well designed experimental research, particularly pertaining to sporting injuries, so that practitioners can be confident that KT is beneficial for their athletes.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Thelen MD, Dauber JA, Stoneman PD. The clinical efficacy of kinesio tape for shoulder pain: a randomized, doubleblinded, clinical trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2008; 38 (7): 389–95PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lephart SM. The role of proprioception in the treatment of sports injuries. Sports Exerc Inj 1995; 1: 96–102Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bassett KT, Lingman SA, Ellis RF. The use and treatment efficacy of kinaesthetic taping for musculoskeletal conditions: a systematic review. N Z J Physiother 2010; 38 (2): 56Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gonzalez-Iglesias J, Fernandez De Las Peaas C, Cleland J, et al. Short-term effects of cervical Kinesio taping on pain and cervical range of motion in patients with acute whiplash injury: a randomized clinical trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2009; 39 (7): 515–21PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hsu YH, Chen WY, Lin HC, et al. The effects of taping on scapular kinematics and muscle performance in baseball players with shoulder impingement syndrome. J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2009; 19 (6): 1092–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Higgins JPT, Green S, editors. Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions 4.2.6 [updated 2006 Sep]. In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 4. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Juni P, Altman DG, Egger M. Systematic reviews in health care: assessing the quality of controlled clinical trials. Br Med J 2001 Jul; 323 (7303): 42–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Batterham AM, Hopkins WG. Making meaningful inferences about magnitudes. Int J Sports Physiol Perf 2006; 1 (1): 50–7Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chang H-Y, Chou K-Y, Lin J-J, et al. Immediate effect of forearm Kinesio taping on maximal grip strength and force sense in healthy collegiate athletes. Phys Ther in Sport 2010; 11 (4): 122–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vithoulka I, Beneka A, Malliou P, et al. The effects of Kinesio-Taping on quadriceps strength during isokinetic exercise in healthy non athlete women. Isokinet Exerc Sci 2010; 18 (1): 1–6Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Yoshida A, Kahanov L. The effect of kinesio taping on lower trunk range of motions. Res SportsMed 2007; 15 (2): 103–12PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fu T-C, Wong AMK, Pei Y-C, et al. Effect of Kinesio Taping on muscle strength in athletes: a pilot study. J Sci Med Sport 2008; 11 (2): 198–201PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Halseth T, McChesney JW, De Beliso M, et al. The effects of Kinesio taping on proprioception at the ankle. J Sports Sci Med 2004; 3 (1): 1–7Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lee J-H, Yoo W-G, Lee K-S. Effects of head-neck rotation and Kinesio taping of the flexor muscles on dominanthand grip strength. J Phys Ther Sci 2010; 22 (3): 285–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Stupik A, Dwornik M, BiaBøoszewski D, et al. Effect of Kinesio taping on bioelectrical activity of vastus medialis muscle. Preliminary report. Ortopedia Traumatologia Rehabilitacja 2007; 9 (6): 644–51Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hopkins WG. A spreadsheet for combining outcomes from several subject groups. Sportscience 2006; 10: 51–3Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hopkins WG. A spreadsheet for deriving a confidence interval, mechanistic inference and clinical inference from a P value. Sportscience 2007; 11: 16–20Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kase K, Wallis J. The latest kinesio taping method. Ski-J 2002Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kase K, Hashimoto T, Tomoki O. Development of kinesio taping perfect manual. Kinesio Taping Association 1996; 6-10: 117–8Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Murray H. Effects of kinesio taping on muscle strength and ROM after ACL-repair [abstract]. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2000; 30 (1): A–14Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kneeshaw D. Shoulder taping in the clinical setting. J Body Mov Ther 2002; 6: 2–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kahanov L. Kinesio taping: part 1. An overview of its use in athletes. Athlet Ther Today 2007; 12 (3): 17–8Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Farrar JT, Young JP, La Moreaux L, et al. Clinical importance of changes in chronic pain intensity measured on an 11-point numerical pain rating scale. Pain 2001; 94 (2): 149–58PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Fletcher JP, Bandy WD. Intrarater reliability of CROM measurement of cervical spine active range of motion in persons with and without neck pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2008 Oct; 38 (10):640–5PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hammer WI. Functional soft-tissue examination and treatment by manual methods. 3rd ed. Boston (MA): Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 2006Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Grigg P. Peripheral neural mechanisms in proprioception. J Sport Rehabil 1994; 3: 2–17Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Bonacci J, Green D, Saunders PU, et al. Change in running kinematics after cycling are related to alterations in running economy in triathletes. J Sci Med Sport 2010; 13: 460–4PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sean Williams
    • 1
  • Chris Whatman
    • 1
  • Patria A. Hume
    • 1
  • Kelly Sheerin
    • 1
  1. 1.Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, School of Sport and RecreationAuckland University of TechnologyAucklandNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations