Advertisement

American Journal of Clinical Dermatology

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 19–28 | Cite as

Eruptive Vellus Hair Cysts

A Systematic Review
  • Daniele TorchiaEmail author
  • Janelle Vega
  • Lawrence A. Schachner
Review Article

Abstract

We report the results of the first systematic review of the worldwide literature on eruptive vellus hair cysts (EVHC). It is likely that EVHC are less rare than it may appear from the scarcity of related publications in the literature. EVHC may be present at birth and may appear at any age, although they show a clear trend towards occurring during the first 3 decades of life. A strong clue to the heavy influence of genes on the occurrence of EVHC is provided by the numerous reports of families in whom two or more members were affected. EVHC lesions present clinically in a rather monomorphous fashion, i.e. round, dome-shaped, skincolored, asymptomatic, soft-tender papules with a smooth surface and grouped or disseminated in a symmetric pattern. EVHC may affect any cutaneous area, even if the upper part of the body and some distribution patterns are particularly frequent and recognizable, i.e. cephalic, upper trunk around the midline, upper limb including axillae, and proximal lower limb. Such a distribution is likely not random and seems to grossly overlap with that of pilosebaceous and apocrine units. Like clinical morphology, the histologic features of EVHC papules are rather monomorphous, indeed, the diagnostic hallmark being the presence of vellus hair shafts within the cystic space. Peculiar subgroups (familial, late-onset, unilesional, and associated with steatocystoma multiplex) are also identified and discussed.

In conclusion, EVHC are basically a cosmetic concern to patients but represent a chronic and difficult-totreat condition. On the basis of our review, future studies are warranted, mainly concerning (i) further nosographic framing involving genetic and tissue analysis, (ii) implementation of non-invasive diagnostic procedures, and (iii) therapeutic trials of interventions shown to achieve some effectiveness.

Keywords

Hair Follicle Basal Cell Carcinoma Cyst Wall Epidermoid Cyst Melanocytic Nevus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

No sources of funding were used to prepare this review. The authors have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this review.

References

  1. 1.
    Esterly NB, Fretzin DF, Pinkus H. Eruptive vellus hair cysts. Arch Dermatol 1977; 113: 500–3PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bovenmyer DA. Eruptive vellus hair cysts. Arch Dermatol 1979; 115: 338–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lee S, Kim JG. Eruptive vellus hair cyst: clinical and histologic findings. Arch Dermatol 1979; 115: 744–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Stiefler RE, Bergfeld WF. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: an inherited disorder. J Am Acad Dermatol 1980; 3: 425–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bergfeld WF. Reply. J Am Acad Dermatol 1981; 5: 221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Burns DA, Calnan CD. Eruptive vellus hair cysts. Clin Exp Dermatol 1981; 6: 209–13PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fisher DA. Retinoic acid in the treatment of eruptive vellus hair cysts. J Am Acad Dermatol 1981; 5: 221–2PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lapins NA. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [letter]. J Am Acad Dermatol 1981; 5: 611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Stiefler RE, Bergfeld WF. Reply. J Am Acad Dermatol 1981; 5: 611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Piepkorn MW, Clark L, Lombardi DL. A kindred with congenital vellus hair cysts. J Am Acad Dermatol 1981; 5: 661–5PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Watson A. Eruptive vellus hair cysts. Int J Dermatol 1982; 21: 273–4PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Okamoto H, Imamura S. Eruptive vellus hair cysts in a Japanese adult. Arch Dermatol 1982; 118: 537–8PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kumakiri M, Takashima I, Iju M, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: a facial variant. J Am Acad Dermatol 1982; 7: 461–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    d’Aubermont PC, Honig PJ, Wood MG. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: a benign condition. J Pediatr 1982; 101: 727–30PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sina B, Burnett JW. Eruptive vellus hair cysts. Cutis 1984; 33: 503–4PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lee S, Kim JG, Kang JS. Eruptive vellus hair cysts. Arch Dermatol 1984; 120: 1191–5PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Grattan CE, Harman RR. Eruptive vellus hair cysts. Bristol Med Chir J 1986; 101: 10–1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hayashibe K, Hori K, Nakanishi T, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: first case of onset in middle age [letter]. Arch Dermatol 1986; 122: 141PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hornstein E, Wilcox C, Oberlies D, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cyst. Int J Dermatol 1986; 25: 395–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Urbina-González F, Aguilar-Martínez A, Cristóbal-Gil MC, et al. The treatment of eruptive vellus hair cysts with isotretinoin. Br J Dermatol 1987; 116: 465–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Urbina González F, Cristóbal-Gil MC, Aguilar-Martínez A, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cyst with singular histologic finding. Arch Dermatol 1987; 123: 299–301PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Huerter CJ, Wheeland RG. Multiple eruptive vellus hair cysts treated with carbon dioxide laser vaporization. J Dermatol Surg Oncol 1987; 13: 260–3PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Held JL, Andrew JE, Toback AC. Eruptive vellus hair cysts. Cutis 1987; 40: 259–60PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sánchez-Yus E, Aguilar-Martínez A, Cristóbal-Gil MC, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cyst and steatocystoma multiplex: two related conditions? J Cutan Pathol 1988; 15: 40–2PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mayron R, Grimwood RE. Familial occurrence of eruptive vellus hair cysts. Pediatr Dermatol 1988; 5: 94–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Haynie LS, Taylor RM. Blue papules on the chest: eruptive vellus hair cysts. Arch Dermatol 1988; 124: 1103, 1106PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Jerasutus S, Suvanprakorn P, Sombatworapat W. Eruptive vellus hair cyst and steatocystoma multiplex. J Am Acad Dermatol 1989; 20: 292–3PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Benoldi D, Allegra F. Congenital eruptive vellus hair cysts. Int J Dermatol 1989; 28: 340–1PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sexton M, Murdock DK. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: a follicular cyst of the sebaceous duct (sometimes). Am J Dermatopathol 1989; 11: 364–8PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Sánchez Yus E, Requena L. Eruptive vellus hair cyst and steatocystoma multiplex [letter]. Am J Dermatopathol 1990; 12: 536PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sexton M, Murdock DK. The authors’ reply. Am J Dermatopathol 1990; 12: 536–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Plewig G. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: a follicular cyst of the sebaceous duct (sometimes). Am J Dermatopathol 1990; 12: 538–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Sexton M, Murdock DK. The authors’ reply. Am J Dermatopathol 1990; 12: 539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Morgan MB, Kouseff BG, Silver A, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts and neurologic abnormalities: two related conditions? Cutis 1991; 47: 413–5PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Nogita T, Chi HI, Nakagawa H, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts with sebaceous glands. Br J Dermatol 1991; 125: 475–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Binhlam JQ, Gross AS, Onadeko OO, et al. Acneiform eruption due to eruptive vellus hair cysts. South Med J 1992; 85: 322–5PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Ohtake N, Kubota Y, Takayama O, et al. Relationship between steatocystoma multiplex and eruptive vellus hair cysts. J Am Acad Dermatol 1992; 26: 876–8PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Grimalt R, Gelmetti C. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Dermatol 1992; 9: 98–102PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Ogawa Y, Nogita T, Kawashima M. The coexistence of eruptive vellus hair cysts and steatocystoma multiplex. J Dermatol 1992; 19: 570–1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Singh A, Ponnaiya J. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 1993; 36: 289–91PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Moon SE, Lee YS, Youn JI. Eruptive vellus hair cyst and steatocystoma multiplex in a patient with pachyonychia congenita. J Am Acad Dermatol 1994; 30: 275–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Rios-Buceta L, Caballero MJ, Aragues Montanes M, et al. Steatocystoma multiplex and eruptive vellus hair cyst. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 1994; 4: 547–50Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Lazarov A, Amichai B, Cagnano M, et al. Coexistence of trichostasis spinulosa and eruptive vellus hair cysts. Int J Dermatol 1994; 33: 858–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Armstrong CR, Yeager JK, Vidmar DA. Multiple papulocystic lesions on the trunk: eruptive vellus hair cysts (EVHC). Arch Dermatol 1995; 131: 343, 346PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Redondo P, Vázquez-Doval J, Idoate M, et al. Multiple pilosebaceous cysts. Clin Exp Dermatol 1995; 20: 328–30PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Hurlimann AF, Panizzon RG, Burg G. Eruptive vellus hair cyst and steatocystoma multiplex: hybrid cysts. Dermatology 1996; 192: 64–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Kiene P, Hauschild A, Christophers E. Eruptive vellus hair cysts and steatocystoma multiplex: variants of one entity? Br J Dermatol 1996; 134: 365–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Ahn SK, Chung J, Lee WS, et al. Hybrid cysts showing alternate combination of eruptive vellus hair cyst, steatocystomamultiplex, and epidermoid cyst, and an association among the three conditions. Am J Dermatopathol 1996; 18: 645–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Romiti R, Festa Neto C. Eruptive vellus hair cysts in a patient with ectodermal dysplasia. J Am Acad Dermatol 1997; 36: 261–2PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Tomková H, Fujimoto W, Arata J. Expression of keratins (K10 and K17) in steatocystoma multiplex, eruptive vellus hair cysts, and epidermoid and trichilemmal cysts. Am J Dermatopathol 1997; 19: 250–3PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Kwon KS, Lee HT, Jang HS, et al. A case of generalized eruptive vellus hair cysts. J Dermatol 1997; 24: 556–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Patrizi A, Neri I, Guerrini V, et al. Persistent milia, steatocystoma multiplex and eruptive vellus hair cysts: variable expression of multiple pilosebaceous cysts within an affected family. Dermatology 1998; 196: 392–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Lee HT, Chang SH, Yoon TY. Eruptive vellus hair cyst in a patient with pachyonychia congenita. J Dermatol 1999; 26: 402–4PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Sárdy M, Kárpáti S. Needle evacuation of eruptive vellus hair cysts. Br J Dermatol 1999; 141: 594–5PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Kageyama N, Tope WD. Treatment of multiple eruptive hair cysts with erbium: YAG laser. Dermatol Surg 1999; 25: 819–22PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Tsuruta D, Nakagawa K, Taniguchi S, et al. Combined cutaneous hamartoma encompassing benign melanocytic naevus, vellus hair cyst and epidermoid cyst. Clin Exp Dermatol 2000; 25: 38–40PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    No authors listed. Eruptive vellus hair cysts. Consultant 2000; 40: 190Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Baums K, Blume-Peytavi U, Dippel E, et al. Guess what! Eruptive vellus hair cysts. Eur J Dermatol 2000; 10: 487–9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Takeshita T, Takeshita H, Irie K. Eruptive vellus hair cyst and epidermoid cyst in a patient with pachyonychia congenita. J Dermatol 2000; 27: 655–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Hong SD, Frieden IJ. Diagnosing eruptive vellus hair cysts. Pediatr Dermatol 2001; 18: 258–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Köse O, Taştan HB, Deveci S, et al. Anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia with eruptive vellus hair cysts. Int J Dermatol 2001; 40: 401–2PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Bahadir S, Çobanojlu Ü, Alpay K, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cyst (case report). Turk Clin J Dermatol 2001; 11: 220–2Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Reep MD, Robson KJ. Eruptive vellus hair cysts presenting as multiple periorbital papules in a 13-year-old boy. Pediatr Dermatol 2002; 19: 26–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Mahendran R, Pollock B, Clark S. Multiple asymptomatic papules in a child. Pediatr Dermatol 2003; 20: 451–2PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Mieno H, Fujimoto N, Tajima S. Eruptive vellus hair cyst in patients with chronic renal failure. Dermatology 2004; 208: 67–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Nandedkar MA, Minus H, Nandedkar MA. Eruptive vellus hair cysts in a patient with Lowe syndrome. Pediatr Dermatol 2004; 21: 54–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Law AM, Rutland BM, Horenstein MG. Pathologic quiz case: an 84-year-old woman with a skin cyst containing Ziehl-Neelsen-positive structures. Basal cell carcinoma associated with a vellus hair cyst. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2005; 129: e75–6Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Yamada A, Saga K, Jimbow K. Acquired multiple pilosebaceous cysts on the face having the histopathological features of steatocystoma multiplex and eruptive vellus hair cysts. Int J Dermatol 2005; 44: 861–3PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Coras B, Hohenleutner U, Landthaler M, et al. Early recurrence of eruptive vellus hair cysts after Er:YAG laser therapy: case report and review of the literature. Dermatol Surg 2005; 31: 1741–4PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Kaya TI, Tataroglu C, Tursen U, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: an effective extraction technique for treatment and diagnosis. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2006; 20: 264–8PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Lew BL, Lee MH, Haw CR. Unilateral eruptive vellus hair cysts occurring on the face. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2006; 20: 1314–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Saks K, Levitt JO. Tazarotene 0.1 percent cream fares better than erbium: YAG laser or incision and drainage in a patient with eruptive vellus hair cysts. Dermatol Online J 2006; 12: 7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Karen JK, Heller M, Wee SA, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts. Dermatol Online J 2007; 13: 14PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Chan KH, Tang WY, Lam WY, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts presenting as bluish-grey facial discoloration masquering as naevus of Ota. Br J Dermatol 2007; 157: 188–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Colla S, Sartori S, Ulibarrie A, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cyst: an underdiagnosed entity [abstract no. 6792]. 21st World Congress of Dermatology; 2007 Sep 30-Oct 5; Buenos AiresGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Dhabuwala J. Vellus hair cyst with steatocytoma: multiplex [poster 245]. 37th National Conference of Indian Association of Dermatologists, Venereologists and Leprologists; 2009 Jan 7–10; BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Rao R, Balachandran C. Asymptomatic papular lesions on the trunk. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2009; 75: 217–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Park JH, Her Y, Chun BM, et al. A case of eruptive vellus hair cysts that developed on the labium major. Ann Dermatol 2009; 21: 294–6PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Yanik ME, Aliagaoglu C, Güvenç SC, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts occurring on the ears. J Dermatol 2009; 36: 360–1PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Karadag AS, Cakir E, Pelitli A. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: an alternative diagnosing method. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2009; 75: 537–8PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Fernández-Torres R, Del Pozo J, Castiñeiras I, et al. Treatment of multiple eruptive vellus hair cysts with carbon dioxide laser vaporization and manual lateral pressure. Clin Exp Dermatol 2009; 34: e716–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Lee JH, Bae MY, Lee BH, et al. A large, persistent, solitary vellus hair cyst in the postauricular area. Ear Nose Throat J 2009; 88: E15–7Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Erkek E, Kurtipek GS, Duman D, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: report of a pediatric casewith partial response to calcipotriene therapy. Cutis 2009; 84: 295–8PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Fernandez de Torres N, Torres A, Martinez D. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Spanish]. Rev Domin Dermatol 1979; 13: 45–52Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Fernandez de Torres A, Torres A. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: presentation of 10 cases [abstract no. 113, in Spanish]. IX Ibero Latin American Congress of Dermatology; 1979 Nov 24–29; MedellinGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Baños Arevalo E, Laterza AM, Ruiz Maldonado R. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Spanish]. Rev Arg Dermatol 1981; 62: 229–32Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Sakamoto F, Shitara A, Sato Y. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Japanese]. Jpn J Dermatol 1981; 91: 911–6Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Aliaga A, Serrano G, de la Quadra J, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Spanish]. Actas Dermosifilogr 1982; 73: 257–62Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Pierini AM, Abulafia J, García Díaz R. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Spanish]. Arch Argent Dermatol 1982; 32: 443–9Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Pépin R, Robin J, Aron-Brunetiére R, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in French]. Ann Dermatol Venereol 1982; 109: 799–800PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Baranadas M, Moreno A, De Moragas JM. Eruptive vellus hair cyst [in Spanish]. Med Cutan Ibero Lat Am 1983; 11: 117–20PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Torras H, González-Enseñat A, Palou J, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: about 2 cases [in Spanish]. Med Cutan Ibero Lat Am 1983; 11: 121–4PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Serrano Sanmiguel G, Bonillo Bernet JJ, Barbea E. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in French]. Actas Dermosifiliogr 1983; 74: 491–2Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Chemaly P, Cavelier B, Civatte J. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in French]. Ann Dermatol Venereol 1983; 110: 701–2PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Chan HL, Kuo TT, Kuan YZ. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: a first case report in Taiwan (in Taiwanese). J Formos Med Assoc 1983; 82: 685–8Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Park HJ, Kim SH, Lee JH, et al. Two cases of eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 1984; 22: 330–3Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Mieras C, Rubies-Prat J. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: about one case [in Spanish]. Actas Dermosifiliogr 1987; 78: 127–9Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Barriére H, Stalder JF, Bureau B. Eruptive vellus hair cysts in an infant [in French]. Nouv Dermatolog 1987; 6: 484Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Pujol Vallverdu RM, Moreno Carazo A, Tuneu Valls A, et al. Solitary eruptive vellus hair cyst [in Spanish]. Actas Dermosifiliogr 1987; 78: 610–2Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Betto P, Scapinello A, Bertazzoni M, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: description of a case [in Italian]. Derm Clin 1988; 8: 109–12Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    Galbiati G, Sala GP, Nicoletti A, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: about a clinical case [in Italian]. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 1988; 123: 489–91PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Balus L, Amantea A, Donati P, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: familial form [abstract; in French]. Journées Dematologiques Paris 1988; 13: 19Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Van der Kley AM, Hulsmans RF, Vermeulen AH. Eruptive vellus hair cysts and steatocystomas multiplex in a family [in French]. Ann Dermatol Venereol 1990; 117: 790–2PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Aloi F, Tomasini C. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: a facial variant [in Italian]. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 1990; 125: 515–8PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Rodder-Wehrmann O. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in German]. H+G Zeitschr Hautkrankh 1991; 66: 88–9Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    Eisenmann A, Pleier R, Fischer T, et al. Neviform grouped eruptive vellus hair cysts: combined surgical therapy of an unusual condition [in German]. H+GZeitschr Hautkrankh 1991; 66 Suppl. 3: 114–5Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Escobar S, Seijo J, Enriques Y, et al. Steatocystoma multiplex and eruptive cysts [in Spanish]. Rev Cent Dermatol Pascua 1993; 2: 65–7Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    Yoon DH, Choi SW, Cho BK. A case of eruptive vellus hair cyst associated with steatocystoma multiplex [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 1994; 32: 149–52Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Aras N, Kurumlu Z, Can C, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Turkish]. Turkderm (Deri Hast Frengi Arfl) 1994; 28: 35–8Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Brazzelli V, Romano E, Bollati A, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Italian]. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 1994; 129: 51–5Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    García MA, Della Giovanna P, García S, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Spanish]. Arch Argent Dermatol 1994; 44: 163–8Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Poirier JP. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in French]. Nouv Dermatolog 1994; 13: 717Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Neri I, Marzaduri S, Passarini B, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: about 7 pediatric cases [in Italian]. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 1994; 129: 353–6Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Honjo T, Terashima T, Yasunaga C, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Japanese]. Skin Res 1995; 37: 428Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Reberga S. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in French]. Nouv Dermatolog 1995; 14: 211Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Jansen T, Wolff H, Schirren H, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in German]. Hautarzt 1996; 47: 378–81PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Ayres EL, Quattrino AL, Rochael MC. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Portuguese]. An Bras Dermatol 1997; 72: 155–8Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Flores F, Izabal J. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Spanish]. Rev Centr Dermatol Pascua 1997; 6: 9–13Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    Desmond MM, De Miranda Vidal Pontes C, Machado C, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: treatment with radiosurgery [in Spanish]. Rev Chil Dermatol 1997; 13: 291–2Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Rodríguez González L, Fernández Redondo V. Papular lesions on the forehead of an old female patient [in Spanish]. Piel 1997; 12: 479–81Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Kim SW, Moon SE, Kim JA. A case of hybrid cyst showing composite features of an eruptive vellus hair cyst and steatocystoma multiplex [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 1998; 36: 116–9Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    Maira Palma ME, Bofill Genzsch P, Hevia Parga H. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Spanish]. Rev Chil Dermatol 1998; 14: 154–8Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Erkek E, Bozdoğan Ö. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Turkish]. Turk J Dermatopathol 1999; 8: 78–81Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Katakami S, Fujimori R, Fujimori Y. Two cases of eruptive vellus hair cysts treated with an Erbium:YAG laser [in Japanese]. Jpn J Plast Reconstr Surg 2000; 43: 173–7Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    Kim JH, Kim JH, Kim HJ, et al. A case of eruptive vellus hair cyst combined with steatocystoma multiplex [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 2001; 39: 244–6Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Rodríguez AR, Rondón AJ. What is your diagnosis [in Spanish]? Dermatol Venezol 2001; 39: 77–9Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    Bellot P, Rodríguez M, Ramos-Garibay A. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: presentation of an unusual case [in Spanish]. Rev Centr Dermatol Pascua 2001; 10: 135–7Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Miluska A, Rosalba B. Steatocystoma multiplex and familial eruptive vellus hair cyst: its relation with Gardner’s syndrome [in Spanish]. Folia Dermatol Peru 2002; 13: 62–4Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    Asano A, Hanada K, Tabata K, et al. A case of multiple cysts on the vulva (eruptive vellus hair cysts?) [in Japanese]. Skin Res 2002; 1: 194–6Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Escobar FSA, Seijo Cortés JA, Merino JE, et al. Steatocystoma multiplex and familial eruptive vellus hair cyst with facial localization [in Spanish]. Rev Centr Dermatol Pascua 2002; 11: 163–5Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Monestier S, Richard MA, Rey AC, et al. Multiple papules multiples of the trunk [in French]. Ann Dermatol Venereol 2002; 129: 1315–6PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Aksungur V, Durdu M, Tuncer I. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Turkish]. Dermatose 2003; 2: 131–3Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Park MS, Nam YH, Seo YJ, et al. A case of eruptive vellus hair cyst: facial variant [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 2003; 41: 675–6Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    Lee JY, Kang HY. A case of eruptive vellus hair cysts associated with milia on the face [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 2003; 41: 780–3Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Jun JH, Yun SJ, Kim SJ, et al. Two cases of eruptive vellus hair cysts developed on the atypical sites [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 2004; 42: 74–6Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Kim YJ, Lee KH, Kim JW, et al. A case of solitary vellus hair cyst on the forehead [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 2004; 42: 347–9Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    Lee NY, Kim JS, Choi YW, et al. A case of congenital eruptive vellus hair cyst [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 2004; 42: 362–3Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Boztepe G, Erkin G, Akan T, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in German]. Akt Dermatol 2004; 30: 34–6Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Guerra XC, Aular LM, Pribyl R, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cyst: rare variant of infundibular follicular cyst [in Spanish]. Dermatol Venezol 2005; 43: 32–4Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Ganún MT, Gutierrez M, Issa N. Steatocystoma and eruptive vellus hair cyst [in Spanish]. Piel 2005; 20: 81–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Lee KH, Cho YK, Han YW, et al. A case of melanocytic nevus combined with a vellus hair cyst [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 2005; 43: 1410–2Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    Nakajima T, Okamoto H, Horio T. An elderly case of eruptive vellus hair cysts on arms [in Japanese]. Jpn J Clin Dermatol 2005; 59: 1215–7Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    Wang J, Xu XL, Zhang Y, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts on the face [in Chinese]. J Clin Dermatol 2006; 35: 526–7Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Wu J, He W, Huang H. Intradermal nevus associated with vellus hair cyst [in Chinese]. J Clin Dermatol 2006; 35: 528–9Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    Zhai ZF, Ye QY, Yang XC, et al. Two cases of eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Chinese]. J Clin Dermatol 2006; 35: 583–4Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    Venadero F, Corte Casarreal L. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: report of a case [in Spanish]. Rev Centr Dermatol Pascua 2006; 15: 195–7Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Boztepe G, Erkin G, Akan T, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: suggestion for effective treatment [in Turkish]. Türkderm 2006; 40 Suppl. B: B1–3Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Üztürk P, Ataseven A, Dağli F. Eruptive vellus hair cyst (case report) [in Turkish]. Firat Univ Health Sci Med J 2006; 20: 323–5Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Moreno S, Buestán A, Véliz C, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Spanish]. Dermatol Pediatr Latinoam 2007; 5: 43–6Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    Rodríguez Acar M, Maldonado García C, Ramos-Garibay A. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: presentation of a typical case [in Spanish]. Rev Centr Dermatol Pascua 2007; 16: 27–9Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Lee HS, Lee HK, Park K, et al. A case of eruptive vellus hair cyst treated by mini-incision [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 2007; 45: 410–2Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    Şenayli A, Sezer E, Erbil AH, et al. Surgical treatment approach in a patient with eruptive vellus hair cyst [in Turkish]. Gulhane Med J 2007; 49: 46–8Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    M’sakni I, Lahmar-Boufaroua A, Abdelmoula F, et al. Eruptive vellus hair cysts: a rare dermatosis needing histological diagnosis [in French]. Tunis Med 2008; 86: 193–4PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Aksoy B, Balci M, Üstün H. Acneiform, facial eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Turkish]. Turk J Dermatol 2008; 2: 129–30Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    Canpolat F, Akpinar H, Eskioglu F, et al. What is your diagnosis? [in Turkish]. Turk J Dermatol 2009; 3: 25–6Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Jung KD, Cho HJ, Kim PS, et al. A case of the facial variant of eruptive vellus hair cyst [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 2009; 47: 498–500Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    Arai R, Shintaku M, Horiguchi Y. Eruptive vellus hair cysts [in Japanese]. Skin Res 2009; 8: 269–70Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Choi JH, Chun JS, Seol JE, et al. A case of eruptive vellus hair cyst involving the face, trunk, and extremities [in Korean]. Korean J Dermatol 2009; 47: 1154–7Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Aloi FG, Tomasini CF. Hair shafts in epidermoid cysts. Dermatologica 1989; 179: 29–31PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Requena L, Sánchez Yus E. Follicular hybrid cysts: an expanded spectrum. Am J Dermatopathol 1991; 13: 228–33PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniele Torchia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Janelle Vega
    • 1
  • Lawrence A. Schachner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous SurgeryUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations