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Sports Medicine

, Volume 40, Issue 10, pp 841–858 | Cite as

The Extent to Which Behavioural and Social Sciences Theories and Models are Used in Sport Injury Prevention Research

  • Angela J. McGlashan
  • Caroline F. FinchEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

Behavioural and social science theories and models (BSSTM) can enhance efforts to increase health and safety behaviours, such as the uptake and maintenance of injury prevention measures. However, the extent to which they have been used in sports injury research to date is currently unknown. A systematic review of 24 electronic databases was undertaken to identify the extent to which BSSTM have been incorporated into published sports injury prevention research studies and to identify which theories were adopted and how they were used. After assessment against specific inclusion and exclusion criteria, the full text of 100 potentially relevant papers was reviewed in detail. These papers were classified as follows: (i) explicit — the use of BSSTM was a stated key aspect in the design or conduct of the study; or (ii) atheoretical — there was no clear evidence for the use of BSSTM. The studies that explicitly mentioned BSSTM were assessed for how BSSTM were specifically used. Amongst the 100 identified papers, only eleven (11% of the total) explicitly mentioned BSSTM. Of these, BSSTM were most commonly used to guide programme design/implementation (n = 8) and/or to measure a theory/construct (n = 7). In conclusion, very few studies relating to sport safety behaviours have explicitly used any BSSTM. It is likely that future sports injury prevention efforts will only be enhanced, and achieve successful outcomes, if increased attention is given to fully understanding the behavioural determinants of safety actions. Appropriate use of BSSTM is critical to provide the theoretical basis to guide these efforts.

Keywords

Injury Prevention Sport Injury Health Belief Model Personal Protective Equipment Theory Application 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors have no financial or conflicting interests. Angela McGlashan was supported by a Postgraduate Research Scholarship funded from a National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) funded research project (Project ID: 400937). Caroline Finch is supported by an NHMRC Principal Research Fellowship. Comments on a draft version of the paper were received from Dr Dara Twomey, Dr Peta White and Ms Rebecca McQueen.

Supplementary material

40279_2012_40100841_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (120 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 123 KB.

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© Adis Data Information BV 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Human Movement and Sport SciencesUniversity of BallaratMt Helen, BallaratAustralia

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