Sports Medicine

, Volume 40, Issue 7, pp 525–537 | Cite as

Qualitative Attributes and Measurement Properties of Physical Activity Questionnaires

A Checklist
  • Caroline B. Terwee
  • Lidwine B. Mokkink
  • Mireille N. M. van Poppel
  • Mai J. M. Chinapaw
  • Willem van Mechelen
  • Henrica C. W. de Vet
Review Article

Abstract

The large number of available physical activity (PA) questionnaires makes it difficult to select the most appropriate questionnaire for a certain purpose. This choice is further hampered by incomplete reporting and unsatisfactory evaluation of the content and measurement properties of the questionnaires. We provide a checklist for appraising the qualitative attributes and measurement properties of PA questionnaires, as a tool for selecting the most appropriate PA questionnaire for a certain target population and purpose. The checklist is called the Quality Assessment of Physical Activity Questionnaire (QAPAQ). This review is one of a group of four reviews in this issue of Sports Medicine on the content and measurement properties of physical activity questionnaires.

Part 1 of the checklist can be used to appraise the qualitative attributes of PA questionnaires, i.e. the construct to be measured by the questionnaire, the purpose and target population for which it was developed, the format, interpretability and ease of use.

Part 2 of the checklist can be used to appraise the measurement properties of a PA questionnaire, i.e. reliability (parameters of measurement error and reliability coefficients), validity (face and content validity, criterion validity and construct validity) and responsiveness.

The QAPAQ can be used to select the most appropriate PA questionnaire for a certain purpose, but it can also be used to design or report a study on measurement properties of PA questionnaires. Using such a checklist will contribute to improving the assessment, reporting and appraisal of the content and measurement properties of PA questionnaires.

Keywords

Physical Activity Measurement Property Qualitative Attribute Recall Period Physical Activity Pattern 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors received no funding for the conduct of this study or the writing of this review. The authors have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this review.

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Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline B. Terwee
    • 1
  • Lidwine B. Mokkink
    • 1
  • Mireille N. M. van Poppel
    • 2
  • Mai J. M. Chinapaw
    • 2
  • Willem van Mechelen
    • 2
  • Henrica C. W. de Vet
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care ResearchVU University Medical CenterAmsterdamthe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Public and Occupational Health and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care ResearchVU University Medical CenterAmsterdamthe Netherlands

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