Qualitative Attributes and Measurement Properties of Physical Activity Questionnaires
- 1.1k Downloads
The large number of available physical activity (PA) questionnaires makes it difficult to select the most appropriate questionnaire for a certain purpose. This choice is further hampered by incomplete reporting and unsatisfactory evaluation of the content and measurement properties of the questionnaires. We provide a checklist for appraising the qualitative attributes and measurement properties of PA questionnaires, as a tool for selecting the most appropriate PA questionnaire for a certain target population and purpose. The checklist is called the Quality Assessment of Physical Activity Questionnaire (QAPAQ). This review is one of a group of four reviews in this issue of Sports Medicine on the content and measurement properties of physical activity questionnaires.
Part 1 of the checklist can be used to appraise the qualitative attributes of PA questionnaires, i.e. the construct to be measured by the questionnaire, the purpose and target population for which it was developed, the format, interpretability and ease of use.
Part 2 of the checklist can be used to appraise the measurement properties of a PA questionnaire, i.e. reliability (parameters of measurement error and reliability coefficients), validity (face and content validity, criterion validity and construct validity) and responsiveness.
The QAPAQ can be used to select the most appropriate PA questionnaire for a certain purpose, but it can also be used to design or report a study on measurement properties of PA questionnaires. Using such a checklist will contribute to improving the assessment, reporting and appraisal of the content and measurement properties of PA questionnaires.
KeywordsPhysical Activity Measurement Property Qualitative Attribute Recall Period Physical Activity Pattern
The authors received no funding for the conduct of this study or the writing of this review. The authors have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this review.
- 8.Feinstein AR. Clinimetrics. New Haven (CT): Yale University Press, 1987Google Scholar
- 13.Wareham NJ, Rennie KL. The assessment of physical activity in individuals and populations: why try to be moreprecise about how physical activity is assessed? Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1998; 22 Suppl. 2: S30–8Google Scholar
- 27.Altman DG. Practical statistics for medical research. London: Chapman and Hall, 1991Google Scholar
- 29.Mokkink LB, Terwee CB, Patrick DL, et al. International consensus on taxonomy, terminology, and definitionsof measurement properties for health-related patientreportedoutcomes: results of the COSMIN study. J Clin Epidemiol. In pressGoogle Scholar
- 33.Streiner DL, Norman GR. Health measurement scales: a practical guide to their development and use. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003Google Scholar
- 37.Nunnally JC, Bernstein IH. Psychometric theory. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994Google Scholar
- 39.Patterson P. Reliability, validity, and methodological response to the assessment of physical activity via self-report. Res Q Exerc Sport 2000; 71 (2 Suppl.): S15–20Google Scholar