Treatments in Respiratory Medicine

, Volume 4, Issue 5, pp 317–324

Prevention and Treatment of Aspiration Pneumonia in Intensive Care Units

Therapy In Practice

DOI: 10.2165/00151829-200504050-00003

Cite this article as:
d’Escrivan, T. & Guery, B. Treat Respir Med (2005) 4: 317. doi:10.2165/00151829-200504050-00003

Abstract

Aspiration is a leading cause of nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit. Techniques to avoid or reduce aspiration are important in preventing pneumonia and pneumonitis. The most important preventive measures include the semi-recumbent position, the surveillance of enteral feeding, the use of promotility agents, and avoiding excessive sedation. The analysis of the pathogens involved in these syndromes usually shows a minor role for the anerobes. With regard to treatment, aspiration pneumonitis does not require any antimicrobials; on the contrary, aspiration pneumonia has to be treated. Empiric antimicrobials treatment should be started on clinical suspicion. The choice of the drug has to be guided by local pathogen epidemiology and clinical features; in fact, community type pneumonia requires a first-line antimicrobial such as amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. On the contrary, a nosocomial type of infection needs to be treated as a ventilator-associated pneumonia in agreement with published guidelines. Nevertheless, quantitative culture should be obtained in order to de-escalate antimicrobials. In conclusion, aspiration pneumonia is a frequently encountered disease that can be prevented by relatively simple measures.

Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre Hospitalier de TourcoingService de Réanimation Médicale et Maladies InfectieusesTourcoingFrance

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