Pediatric Drugs

, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 281–298 | Cite as

Treatment of Invasive Candidiasis in Immunocompromised Pediatric Patients

  • Brian T. Fisher
  • Theoklis E. Zaoutis
Therapy In Practice


In the last 3 decades, systemic candidiasis has become increasingly recognized as a major source of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised pediatric patients. As the number of children receiving chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantations continue to increase, clinicians should expect that invasive infections from Candida spp. will also increase in these vulnerable hosts. Fortunately, in the past 15 years, the evolution of older antifungals coupled with the discovery of new classes of antifungal agents has equipped physicians with reasonable options for treating these otherwise life-threatening infections.

This review aims to familiarize the reader with the evolving epidemiology of candidiasis in immunocompromised children as well as discuss therapeutic options from each class of antifungal agents. Mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, toxicities, resistance patterns, chemotherapy interactions, and clinical relevance in immunocompromised children are reviewed for polyenes, flucytosine (5-fluorocytosine), azoles, and echinocandins.


Fluconazole Candidiasis Voriconazole Caspofungin Posaconazole 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Dr Zaoutis is supported in part by the National Institute of Health (IK23 AI0629753-01). Dr Zaoutis has also received funding from Merck & Co, Inc. to study caspofungin. Dr Fisher has no funding sources to disclose or conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this review.


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© Adis Data Information BV 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, The Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaUniversity of Pennsylvania School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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