Medical Treatment of Patients with Heart Failure or Left Ventricular Dysfunction Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
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Management of ischemic patients with pre-existing or new-onset left ventricular (LV) dysfunction poses a special challenge in terms of the timing of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and appropriate adjunctive medications to optimize outcome while minimizing risk. In a systematic fashion, this review attempts to provide a management scheme for patients with heart failure or LV dysfunction that present with stable angina, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, or unstable angina/non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. By addressing therapeutic approaches to acute or decompensated heart failure and timing of coronary angiography based on severity of ischemia, we provide evidence-based recommendations for medications to initiate before, during, and following PCI.