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Risk of some birth defects increased with opioid exposure

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      Broussard CS, Rasmussen SA, Reefhuis J, Friedman JM, Jann MW, Riehle-Colarusso T, Honein MA.Maternal treatment with opioid analgesics and risk for birth defects. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology: 21 Feb 2011. Available from: URL:

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      Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Opioid Pain Killers Linked to Increased Risk of Some Birth Defects. Media Release: 2 Mar 2011. Available from: URL:

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    Risk of some birth defects increased with opioid exposure. React. Wkly. 1342, 4 (2011).

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    • Birth Defect
    • Glaucoma
    • Oxycodone
    • Meperidine
    • Spina Bifida