Clinical Drug Investigation

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 134–144 | Cite as

Subjective Efficacy of Zolpidem in Outpatients with Chronic Insomnia

A Double-Blind Comparison with Placebo
  • Henry Lahmeyer
  • Charles S. Wilcox
  • Jules Kann
  • Ilo Leppik
Clinical Use


This multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study compared the subjective hypnotic efficacy of nightly doses of zolpidem 10mg or zolpidem 15mg with that of placebo in patients with chronic insomnia. Patients received placebo or one of the zolpidem doses for 31 consecutive nights, followed by 4 nights of single-blind placebo administration. Self-reported subjective sleep latency (SSL), subjective total sleep time (SST) and other sleep-related parameters were collected via sleep questionnaires. SSL was significantly shorter in the zolpidem 10mg and 15mg groups than in the placebo group throughout active treatment. There was no significant difference between the two zolpidem groups. During the first week of double-blind treatment, SST was significantly longer in both zolpidem groups than in the placebo group, and remained numerically greater throughout active treatment. After discontinuation of zolpidem 10mg, SSL and SST were not significantly different from placebo at any time. Furthermore, SSL was numerically shorter and SST was numerically longer than at baseline. Adverse-event incidence rates were 43, 57 and 70% for the placebo, zolpidem 10mg and zolpidem 15mg groups, respectively. The most common events that occurred with greater frequency in the zolpidem groups than in the placebo group were drowsiness, lethargy and dizziness. It was concluded that administration of nightly doses of zolpidem 10mg to patients with chronic insomnia for 31 nights resulted in a continuous and significant reduction in SSL and in a persistent increase in SST, without the induction of tolerance during, or rebound insomnia after, this period.


Adis International Limited Zolpidem Drug Invest Clinical Global Impression Sleep Latency 
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Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henry Lahmeyer
    • 1
  • Charles S. Wilcox
    • 2
  • Jules Kann
    • 3
  • Ilo Leppik
    • 4
  1. 1.University of Illinois HospitalChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Pharmacology Research InstituteLong BeachUSA
  3. 3.Biodecision LaboratoriesPittsburghUSA
  4. 4.University of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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