, Volume 9, Issue 6, pp 535–559

Canadian Guidelines for Economic Evaluation of Pharmaceuticals

  • George W. Torrance
  • David Blaker
  • Allan Detsky
  • Wendy Kennedy
  • Francois Schubert
  • Devidas Menon
  • Peter Tugwell
  • Richard Konchak
  • Eleanor Hubbard
  • Theresa Firestone
Special Article


In 1994, p]Canada became the second country to release national guidelines for the economic evaluation of pharmaceuticals. The guidelines were developed over a period of 18 months through an elaborate process of broad consultation with a wide variety of relevant stakeholders. The intent of the guidelines is to provide guidance to doers and users of studies, by laying out the general ‘state of the art’ regarding methods, and by providing specific methodological advice on many matters. The aim is to improve the scientific quality and integrity of studies, and to enhance consistency and comparability across studies.

This article presents the Canadian guidelines, both in summary and in detail. Because the techniques of economic evaluation are widely applicable beyond pharmaceuticals, the guidelines will be of interest to researchers and decision makers in all fields of healthcare. Because the methods are not country specific, the guidelines will be of interest to those in other countries as well as in Canada.


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Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • George W. Torrance
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • David Blaker
    • 5
  • Allan Detsky
    • 6
  • Wendy Kennedy
    • 7
  • Francois Schubert
    • 8
    • 9
  • Devidas Menon
    • 10
  • Peter Tugwell
    • 11
  • Richard Konchak
    • 12
  • Eleanor Hubbard
    • 13
  • Theresa Firestone
    • 14
  1. 1.Centre for Health Economics and Policy AnalysisMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.Centre for Evaluation of MedicinesSt Joseph’s HospitalHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.Department of Clinical Epidemiology and BiostatisticsMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  4. 4.Department of Management ScienceMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  5. 5.Health CanadaOttawaCanada
  6. 6.Division of General Internal Medicine and Clinical EpidemiologyThe Toronto Hospital, University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  7. 7.Groupe de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Sante (GRIS)University of MontrealMontrealCanada
  8. 8.Glaxo-WellcomeKirklandCanada
  9. 9.Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association of CanadaOttawaCanada
  10. 10.Canadian Coordinating Office for Health Technology AssessmentOttawaCanada
  11. 11.Department of MedicineUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada
  12. 12.Patented Medicine Prices Review BoardOttawaCanada
  13. 13.Nova Scotia Department of HealthHalifaxCanada
  14. 14.Ontario Ministry of HealthTorontoCanada

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