Sports Medicine

, Volume 38, Issue 11, pp 881–891 | Cite as

Strategies for Improving Performance in Long Duration Events

Olympic Distance Triathlon
  • Christophe Hausswirth
  • Jeanick Brisswalter
Leading Article


This review focuses on strategic aspects that may affect performance in a long-duration Olympic event, the Olympic distance triathlon. Given the variety of races during the Olympic Games triathlon, strategic aspects include improving technological features as well as energetics factors affecting overall triathlon performance. During the last decade, many studies have attempted to identify factors reducing the metabolic load associated (or not) with the development of fatigue process by analysing the relationship between metabolic and biomechanical factors with exercise duration. To date, a consensus exists about the benefit of adopting a drafting position during the swimming or the cycling part of the triathlon. Other potential strategic factors, such as the production of power output or the selection of cadence during the cycling or the running leg, are likely to affect the overall triathlon performance. Within this approach, pacing strategies are observed by elite athletes who swim or cycle in a sheltered position, inducing several changes of pace, intensity or stochastic shifts in the amplitude of the physiological responses. The analysis of these parameters appears to arouse some experimental and practical interest from researchers and coachers, especially for long-distance Olympic events.


Pace Strategy Neuromuscular Fatigue Metabolic Load Cycling Time Trial Constant Power Output 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



No sources of funding were used to assist in the preparation of this review and the authors have no conflicts of interest directly relevant to its contents.


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Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut National du Sport et de L’Education Physique (INSEP)Research Mission, Laboratory of Biomechanics and PhysiologyFrance
  2. 2.Sport Ergonomics and Performance Laboratory, EA 3162University of Toulon-VarFrance

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