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Sports Medicine

, Volume 38, Issue 7, pp 607–615 | Cite as

Physical Activity and Epilepsy

Proven and Predicted Benefits
  • Ricardo M. Arida
  • Esper A. Cavalheiro
  • Antonio C. da Silva
  • Fulvio A. Scorza
Review Article

Abstract

Epilepsy is a common disease found in 2% of the population, affecting people from all ages. Unfortunately, persons with epilepsy have previously been discouraged from participation in physical activity and sports for fear of inducing seizures or increasing seizure frequency. Despite a shift in medical recommendations toward encouraging rather than restricting participation, the stigma remains and persons with epilepsy continue to be less active than the general population. For this purpose, clinical and experimental studies have analysed the effect of physical exercise on epilepsy. Although there are rare cases of exercise-induced seizures, studies have shown that physical activity can decrease seizure frequency, as well as lead to improved cardiovascular and psychological health in people with epilepsy. The majority of physical activities or sports are safe for people with epilepsy to participate in with special attention to adequate seizure control, close monitoring of medications, and preparation of family or trainers. The evidence shows that patients with good seizure control can participate in both contact and non-contact sports without harmfully affecting seizure frequency. This article reviews the risks and benefits of physical activity in people with epilepsy, discusses sports in which persons with epilepsy may participate, and describes the positive effect of physical exercise in experimental models of epilepsy.

Keywords

Physical Activity Physical Exercise Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Physical Training Seizure Frequency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Research supported by CNPq, FAPESP, CAPES and CinAPCe (Brazil).

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Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo M. Arida
    • 1
  • Esper A. Cavalheiro
    • 2
  • Antonio C. da Silva
    • 1
  • Fulvio A. Scorza
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de FisiologiaUniversidade Federal de São Paulo/Escola Paulista de Medicina (UNIFESP/EPM)Brazil
  2. 2.Disciplina de Neurologia ExperimentalUniversidade Federal de São Paulo/Escola Paulista de Medicina (UNIFESP/EPM)Brazil

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