Sports Medicine

, Volume 37, Issue 10, pp 895–906 | Cite as

Nutritional Interventions to Promote Post-Exercise Muscle Protein Synthesis

  • René Koopman
  • Wim H.M. Saris
  • Anton J.M. Wagenmakers
  • Luc J.C. van Loon
Review Article

Abstract

Resistance exercise is a powerful stimulus to augment muscle protein anabolism, as it can improve the balance between muscle protein synthesis and breakdown. However, the intake of food during post-exercise recovery is necessary for hypertrophy to occur. Therefore, athletes need to ingest protein following exercise to attain a positive protein balance and maximise their skeletal muscle adaptive response. The interaction between exercise and nutrition is not only important for athletes, but is also of important clinical relevance in the elderly. Exercise interventions combined with specific nutritional modulation provide an effective strategy to counteract or reduce the loss of skeletal muscle mass with aging.

Notes

Acknowledgements

No sources of funding were used to assist in the preparation of this review. The authors have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this review.

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Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • René Koopman
    • 1
  • Wim H.M. Saris
    • 2
  • Anton J.M. Wagenmakers
    • 3
  • Luc J.C. van Loon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Movement SciencesMaastricht UniversityThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Human Biology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM)Maastricht UniversityThe Netherlands
  3. 3.School of Sport and Exercise SciencesUniversity of BirminghamUK

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