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Sports Medicine

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 47–57 | Cite as

Power Athletes and Distance Training

Physiological and Biomechanical Rationale for Change
  • Marcus C. C. W. Elliott
  • Phillip P. Wagner
  • Loren Chiu
Review Article

Abstract

The development of power lies at the foundation of all movement, especially thletic performance. Unfortunately, training programmes of athletes often seek to improve cardiovascular endurance through activities such as distance training that are detrimental for the performance of power athletes, rather than using other means of exercise. Performance decrements from continuous aerobic training can be a result of inappropriate neuromuscular adaptations, a catabolic hormonal profile, an increased risk for overtraining and an ineffective motor learning environment. However, long, sustained exercise continues to be employed at all levels of competition to obtain benefits that could be achieved more effectively through other forms of conditioning. While some advantageous effects of endurance training may occur, there are unequivocal drawbacks to distance training in the power athlete. There are many other types of conditioning that are more relevant to all anaerobic sports and will also avoid the negative consequences associated with distance training.

Keywords

Endurance Training Interval Training Heart Rate Recovery Continuous Exercise National Basketball Association 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

No sources of funding were used to assist in the preparation of this review. The authors have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this review.

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Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcus C. C. W. Elliott
    • 1
  • Phillip P. Wagner
    • 1
  • Loren Chiu
    • 2
  1. 1.Peak Performance ProjectSanta BarbaraUSA
  2. 2.Keck School of Medicine, Department of BiokinesiologyUniversity of Southern CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA

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