Sports Medicine

, Volume 33, Issue 6, pp 427–438 | Cite as

Movement Velocity in Resistance Training

  • Marta I. R. Pereira
  • Paulo S. C. Gomes
Review Article


Guidelines for resistance training include the number of exercises, sets, repetitions, and frequency of training, but only vaguely mention movement velocity. Nevertheless, different velocities imply different performances, i.e. a different number of repetitions or different loads. Studies investigating the effect of different movement velocities on resistance training have not reached a consensus. Some studies indicate specificity in strength gains while others indicate generality. Some indicate slow training to be better, others indicate fast training, and still others indicate no differences. Most of these studies were conducted on isokinetic or hydraulic equipment. Very few used isotonic equipment for training, and their results seem to tend towards generality and no differences in gains of strength between velocities. Defining the training velocity is mostly important for athletic performances where a wide range of velocities is needed and transfer of gains would greatly optimise training. At the other end of the spectrum, there are the most frail and elderly, to whom power loss may impair even daily functions, but training with fast velocities might increase injury risk and, therefore, transfer of gains from slow training would be greatly beneficial. Movement velocity for resistance training with isotonic equipment needs to be further investigated so that recommendations may be made.


Resistance Training Peak Torque Vertical Jump Slow Velocity General Gain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to thank the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Ensino Superior (CAPES), Ministry of Education, Brazil, for their financial support to the first author. The authors have no conflicts of interest directly relevant to the content of this review.


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© Adis Data Information BV 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Health and Graduate Program in Physical EducationUniversidade Gama FilhoRio de JaneiroBrazil

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