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Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in the Athlete

An Anatomical, Biomechanical and Clinical Review

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Abstract

Recently, the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) has become an increasingly popular subject of orthopaedic research and debate. In the past several years, anatomic and biomechanical studies have provided invaluable information concerning the structure and function of the PCL. However, many aspects of PCL injury are still not fully understood. Diagnosis of the injury is often missed because of subtlety of symptoms and clinical findings, and current management strategies of PCL injury have experienced relatively poor clinical outcomes. Controversy exists concerning the most appropriate treatment, especially in cases of isolated PCL injury. The purpose of this review is to present a complete overview of the current knowledge regarding the basic science and clinical aspects of PCL injuries, with a specific focus on the athletic population.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge Mr. Michael Madigan for his illustrations and Dr. Pau Golanò (Laboratory of Arthroscopic and Surgical Anatomy, Dept of Morphological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Barcelona, Spain) for the anatomical pictures.

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Correspondence to Fabrizio Margheritini.

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Margheritini, F., Rihn, J., Musahl, V. et al. Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in the Athlete. Sports Med 32, 393–408 (2002). https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200232060-00004

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Keywords

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament
  • Knee Flexion
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury