Sports Medicine

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 176–180 | Cite as

The Severity of Sports Injuries

Injury Surveillance Leading Article

Summary

In order to assess the extent of the sports injury problem, it is necessary to identify both the incidence and severity of sports injuries. In the literature, the severity of sports injuries is usually described on the basis of 6 criteria: (i) nature of sports injury; (ii) duration and nature of treatment; (iii) sporting time lost; (iv) working time lost; (v) permanent damage; and (vi) monetary cost.

It is important to include information on the severity of injuries in a sports injury registration system. This kind of information will help to set targets for preventive strategies. The more severe the injuries sustained, the higher the priority will be to prevent these injuries regardless of the injury incidence. When assessing injury severity one should take into account that, in order to enhance the comparability of research data, uniform definitions are also important in this area of sports injury surveillance. This paper briefly discusses the 6 criteria used to describe the severity of sports injuries.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Lysens R, Ostyn M. Prolegomena bij de preventie van sportletsels. Hermes 1984; XVII: 85–94Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    van Beek PA, Murphy P. Letsel bij volleybal. Geneeskunde en Sport 1983; 16: 59–65Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hensley LD, Paup DC. A survey of badminton injuries. Br J Sports Med 1979; 13: 156–160PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Juengst BK, Keth RK, Stopfkuchen H, et al. Verletzungen im Handballsport, Ergebnisse einer Befragung. Münch Med Wochenschr 1983; 125(24): 531–3Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Krahl H, Steinbruck K. Traumatologie des Sports. In: Cotta H, editor. Belastungs-toleranz des Bewegungsapparates. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag, 1980Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kristiansen B. Association football injuries in school boys. Scand J Sports Sci 1983; 5(1): 1–2Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Maehlum S, Daljord OA. Acute sports injuries in Oslo: a one year study. Br J Sports Med 1984; 18: 181–5PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Maehlum S. Football injuries in Oslo: a one-year study. Br J Sports Med 1984; 18: 186–90PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pförringer W, Keyl W. Sportverletzungen beim Squash, Epidemiologie und Prevention. Münch Med Wochenschr 1978; 120: 1163–6Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    van Rens ThJG. Sport en gezondheid, orthopaedische aspecten. Med Contact 1982; 40: 1283–8Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shively RA, Grana WA. High school sports injuries. Physician Sportsmed 1981; 9: 46–50Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    von Steinbrück K, Cotta H. Epidemiologie von Sportverletzungen. Dtsch Z Sportmed 1983; 6: 173–86Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    von Steinbrück K, Rieden H. Verletzungen bei Sportstudenten: Analysen und Konsequenzen. Dtsch Z Sportmed 1984; 11: 335–46Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sandelin J, Santavirta S, Lättilä R, et al. Sports Injuries in a large urban population: occurrence and epidemiological aspects. Int J Sports Med 1987; 8: 61–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    de Loës M. Medical treatment and costs of sports-related injuries in a total population. Int J Sports Med 1990; 11: 66–72PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    van Galen W, Diederiks J. Sportblessures breed uitgemeten. Uitg. Haarlem, The Netherlands: De Vrieseborch, 1990Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Edixhoven P, Sinha SC, Dandy J. Horse injuries. Injury 1980; 12(4): 279–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    von Steinbrück K. Wirbelsaulenverletzungen beim Reiten: Teil I. Unfallheilkunde 1980; 83: 366–72PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Penschuck C. Verletzungsursachen beim Drachenfliegen. Chirurg 1980; 51: 336–40PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Steinberg PJ. Injuries to Dutch sport parachutists. Br J Sports Med 1988; 22(1): 25–30PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Horner C, McCabe MJ. Ice-skating and roller disco injuries in Dublin. Br J Sports Med 1984; 18(3): 207–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jost O, von Ruland O, Heger RA. Rollschuhfahrersverletzungen. Dtsch Z Sportsmed 1981; 10: 268–74Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kvidera D, Frankel VH. Trauma on eight wheels: a study of roller skating injuries in Seattle. Am J Sports Med 1983; 11(1): 38–41PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Menke W, Muller EK. Sicherheitsskibindung. Münch Med Wochenschr 1982; 124(8): 183–4Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kranenborg N. Blessures bij micro-korfballers. Gen en Sport 1981; 14: 36–40Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    van Geffen Y, Backx FJG, van Mechelen W, et al. Zaalkorfbalblessures bij 30-plussers: analyse van blessures en toepassing van preventieve maatregelen. Gen en Sport 1990; 23(4): 137–45Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kowal DM. Nature and causes of injuries in women resulting from an endurance training program. Am J Sports Med 1980; 8: 265–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Orava S, Jaroma H, Hulkko A. Overuse injuries in cross-country skiing. Br J Sports Med 1985; 19(3): 158–60PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Tolpin HG, Vinger PF, Tolpin DW. Economic considerations. Int Ophthalmol Clin 1981; 21: 179–201PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Tsongas PE. The role of government in injury prevention. Int Ophthalmol Clin 1981; 21: 171–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Schlatmann HFPM, Hlobil H, van Mechelen W, et al. Naar een Registratiesysteem van Sportblessures in Nederland: NISGZ publikatie no. 24. Papendal, The Netherlands: NISGZ, 1986Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    de Loës M, K Goldi. Incidence rate of injuries during sport activity and physical exercise in a rural Swedish municipality: incidence rates in 17 sports. Int J Sports Med 1988; 9: 461–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Vermeer JP. Sport en sociale verzekering. T Soc Gen 1982; 60(9): 222–3Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kranenborg N. Sportbeoefening en blessures. T Soc Gen 1982; 60(9): 224–7Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kent F. Athletes wait too long to report injuries. Physician Sports Med 1982; 10(4): 127–9Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Torg JS, Truex R, Quendenfeld TG, Burstein A et al. The national football head and neck injury register: report and conclusions 1978. JAMA 1979; 241: 1477–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Vinger PF. Eye and face protection for United States hockey players: a chronology. Int Ophthalmol Clin 1981; 21: 83–6Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Dolmans I, Pool J, Erdman-Trip JF, et al. Plotse dood bij sport. Gen en Sport 1985; 18, 3: 95–9Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Koplan JP. Cardiovascular death while running. JAMA 1979; 242: 2578–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Miles S. Fit for anything? Br J Sports Med 1979; 12: 173–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Sörensen CH, Sonne-Hølm S. Social costs of sports injuries. Br J Sports Med 1980; 14: 24–5PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    den Toom PJ, Schuurman MIM. Een model voor berekening van kosten van ongevallen in de privé-sfeer. Amsterdam: St. Cons. en Veiligheid, 1988Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Pritchett JW. High cost of high school football injuries. Am J Sports Med 1980; 8(3): 197–9PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    van Puffelen F, Reijnen JON, Velthuijsen JW. Sport en gezondheid, economisch bezien. Amsterdam: SEO, 1989Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    van Mechelen W, Hlobil H, Kemper HCG. Incidense, severity, aetiology and prevention of sports injuries. Sports Med 1992; 14(2): 82–99PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Research in Extramural Medicine and Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of MedicineVrije Universiteit AmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations