Sports Medicine

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 268–277 | Cite as

Physiological Factors Associated with Middle Distance Running Performance

  • L. Jerome Brandon
Review Article


Middle distance running involves popular race distances with performance dependent on a number of physiological factors. The physiological characteristics of successful runners are different from those of sprinters and long distance runners. Maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max), running economy and the anaerobic threshold are variables that have been shown to limit performance during long distance running, and rapid velocity and anaerobic variables have been shown to limit performance during sprinting. Success with middle distance running is dependent on an integrative contribution from aerobic and anaerobic variables which allows a runner to maintain a rapid velocity during a race. The relative contributions of the 2 energy systems are functions of distance, intensity and the physiological abilities of the runner. Middle distance runners can be successful with physiological profiles that include a variety of aerobic and anaerobic capabilities, and this characteristic separates them from long distance runners.


Anaerobic Threshold Distance Runner Anaerobic Power Middle Distance Middle Distance Running 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Jerome Brandon
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Sports Medicine and Sport Sciences, 137 Physical Education BuildingGeorgia State UniversityAtlantaUSA

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