Sports Medicine

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 57–63 | Cite as

Weight-Training Injuries

Common Injuries and Preventative Methods
  • Lynnette J. Mazur
  • Robert J. Yetman
  • William L. Risser
Injury Clinic

Summary

The use of weights is an increasingly popular conditioning technique, competitive sport and recreational activity among children, adolescents and young adults. Weight-training can cause significant musculoskeletal injuries such as fractures, dislocations, spondylolysis, spondylolisthesis, intervertebral disk herniation, and meniscal injuries of the knee. Although injuries can occur during the use of weight machines, most apparently happen during the aggressive use of free weights. Prepubescent and older athletes who are well trained and supervised appear to have low injury rates in strength training programmes. Good coaching and proper weightlifting techniques and other injury prevention methods are likely to minimise the number of musculoskeletal problems caused by weight-training.

References

  1. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Sports Medicine. Strength training, weight and power lifting, and body building by children and adolescents. Pediatrics 86: 801–803, 1990Google Scholar
  2. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Sports Medicine. Recommendations for participation in competitive sports. Pediatrics 81: 737–738, 1988Google Scholar
  3. American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine. Proceedings of the Conference on Strength Training and the Prepubescent, Chicago, 1988Google Scholar
  4. Baechle TR, Groves BR. Weight and training: steps to success. Leisure Press, Champaign IL, 1992Google Scholar
  5. Brady TA, Cahill BR, Bodnar LM. Weight training-related injuries in the high school athlete. American Journal of Sports Medicine 10: 1–5, 1982PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brown EW, Kimball RG. Medical history associated with adolescent powerlifting. Pediatrics 72: 636–644, 1983PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Browne TD, Yost RP, McCarron RF. Lumbar ring apophyseal fracture in an adolescent weight lifter. American Journal of Sports Medicine 18: 533–535, 1990PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cahill BR. Osteolysis of the distal part of the clavicle in male athletes. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 64: 1053–1058, 1982PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Fleck SJ, Kraemer WJ. Designing resistance training programs, Human Kinetics Books, Champaign, IL, 1987Google Scholar
  10. Francobandiera C, Maffulli N, Lepore L. Distal radio-ulnar joint dislocation, ulnar volar in a female body builder. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 22: 155–158, 1990PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. George DH, Stakin K, Wright CJ. Fatal accident with weightlifting equipment: implications for safety standards. Canadian Medical Association Journal 140: 925–926, 1989PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Gumbs VL, Segal D, Halligan JB, et al. Bilateral distal radius and ulnar fractures in adolescent weight lifters. American Journal of Sports Medicine 10: 375–379, 1982PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guyer B, Ellers B. Childhood injuries in the United States: mortality, morbidity, and cost. American Journal of Diseases of Children 144: 649–652, 1990PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Kotani PT, Ichikawa N, Wakabayashi W, et al. Studies of spondylolysis found among weight lifters. British Journal of Sports Medicine 6: 4–7, 1971CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lander JE, Simonton RL, Giacobbe JKF. The effectiveness of weight-belts during the squat exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 22: 117–124, 1990PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Mannis CI. Transchondral fracture of the dome of the talus sustained during weight training. American Journal of Sports Medicine 11: 354–356, 1983PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Report for January 1 through December 31, 1979, U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission, Washington, DC, 1980Google Scholar
  18. National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. 1986 data summary on injuries caused by weight lifting, U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission, Washington, 1987Google Scholar
  19. National Strength and Conditioning Association. Position paper on prepubescent strength training. National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal 7: 27, 1985Google Scholar
  20. National Strength and Conditioning Association. How to build a strength training and conditioning program in your high school, National Strength and Conditioning Association, Lincoln, NE, 1987Google Scholar
  21. Rians CB, Weltman A, Cahill BR, et al. Strength training for prepubescent males: is it safe?. American Journal of Sports Medicine 15: 483–489, 1987PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Risser WL, Risser JM, Preston D. Weight-training injuries in adolescents. American Journal of Diseases of Children 144: 1015–1017, 1990PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Rossi F, Dragoni S. Lumbar spondylolysis: occurrence in competitive athletes: updates achievements in a series of 390 cases. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 30: 450–452, 1990PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Ryan JR, Salciccioli GG. Fractures of the distal radial epiphysis in adolescent weight lifters. American Journal of Sports Medicine 4: 26–27, 1976PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Servedio FJ, Bartels RL, Hamlin RL, et al. The effects of weight training using Olympic style lifts on various physiologic variables in prepubescent boys. Abstract. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 17: 288, 1985Google Scholar
  26. Second Task Force on Blood Pressure Control in Children. Report of the task force. Pediatrics 79: 1–25, 1987Google Scholar
  27. Sewall L, Micheli LJ. Strength training for children. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics 6: 143–146, 1986PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sixteenth Bethesda Conference. Cardiovascular abnormalities in the athlete: recommendations regarding eligibility for competition. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 6: 1186–1232, 1985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zemper ED. Four-year study of weightroom injuries in a national sample of college football teams. National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal 12: 32–34, 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lynnette J. Mazur
    • 1
  • Robert J. Yetman
    • 1
  • William L. Risser
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Texas-Houston Health Science CenterHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations