Sports Medicine

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 71–77 | Cite as

Sodium Bicarbonate Ingestion and Exercise Performance

An Update
  • Jon Linderman
  • Thomas D. Fahey
Leading Article

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brooks GA. Anaerobic threshold: review of the concept and directions for future research. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 17(1): 22–31, 1985PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Chase PB, Kushmerick M. Effects of pH on contraction of rabbit fast and slow skeletal muscle fibers. Biohysics Journal 53: 935–946, 1988CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Costill DL, Verstappen F, Kuipers H, Janssen E, Fink W. Acid-base balance during repeated bouts of exercise: influence of HCO3. International Journal of Sports Medicine 5: 228–231, 1984PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Farrell PA, Wilmore JH, Coyle FF, Billings TE, Costill DL. Plasma lactate accumulation and distance running performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 11: 338–344, 1979Google Scholar
  5. Forster HV, Dempsey J, Thompson J, Vichuk E, de Pico G. Estimation of arteriol PO2, PCO2, pH, and lactate from arteriolised venous blood. Journal of Applied Physiology 32: 134–137, 1972PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. George KP, MacLaren DPM. The effect of induced alkalosis and acidosis on endurance running at an intensity corresponding to 4mM blood lactate. Ergonomics 31(11): 1639–1645, 1988PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hermansen L, Osnes J-B. Blood and muscle pH after maximal exercise in man. Journal of Applied Physiology 32(3): 304–308, 1972PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Hood VL, Schubert C, Keller U, Muller S. Effect of systemic pH on pHi and lactic acid generation in exhaustive forearm exercise. American Journal of Physiology 255(24): F479–F485, 1988PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Horswill CA, Costill DL, Fink WJ, Flynn MG, Kirwan JP. Influence of sodium bicarbonate on sprint performance: relationship to dosage. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 20(6): 556–569, 1988Google Scholar
  10. Inbar O, Rotstein A, Jacobs I, Kaiser P, Dlin R. The effects of alkaline treatment on short-term maximal exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences 1: 95–104, 1983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Johnson WR, Black DH. Comparison of effects of certain blood alkalinizer and glucose upon competitive endurance. Journal of Applied Physiology 5: 577–578, 1953PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Jones NL, Sutton JR, Taylor R, Toews CJ. Effect of pH on cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses to exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 43(6): 959–964, 1977PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Katz A, Costill DL, King DS, Hargreaves M, Fink WJ. Maximal exercise tolerance after induced alkalosis. International Journal of Sports Medicine 5: 107–110, 1984PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kindermann W, Keul J, Huber G. Physical exercise after induced alkalosis (bicarbonate or tris buffer). European Journal of Applied Physiology 37: 197–204, 1977CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Linderman JK, Fahey TD, Henderson S. The effects of sodium bicarbonate and pyridoxine-alpha-ketoglutarate (PAK) on short-term maximal exercise. International Journal of Sports Medicine 10: 376, 1989Google Scholar
  16. Linderman JK, Fahey TD, Lauten G, Brooker AS, Bird D. A comparison of blood gasses and acid-base measurements in arterial, arterialized-venous, and venous blood during short-term maximal exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology 61(4): 294–301, 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mainwood GW, Worsley-Brown P. The effects of extracellular pH and buffer concentration on the efflux of lactate from frog sartorius muscle. Journal of Physiology 250: 1–22, 1975PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Mainwood GW, Cechetto D. The effect of bicarbonate concentration on fatigue and recovery in isolated rat diaphragm muscle. Canadian Journal of Pharmacology 58: 624–632, 1980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. McCartney N, Heigenhauser GJF, Jones NL. Effect of pH on maximal power output and fatigue during short-term dynamic exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology 55(1): 225–229, 1983PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. McKenzie DC, Coutts KD, Stirling DR, Hoeben HH, Kazara G. Maximal work production following two levels of induced metabolic alkalosis. Journal of Sports Sciences 4: 35–38, 1986PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. National Research Council. Recommended dietary allowances, 9th ed., National Academy Press, Washington DC, 1980Google Scholar
  22. Osnes J-B, Hermansen L. Acid-base balance after maximal exercise of short duration. Journal of Applied Physiology 32(1): 59–63, 1972PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Parry-Billings M, MacLarcn DPM. The effect of sodium bicarbonate and sodium citrate ingestion on anaerobic power during intermittent exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology 55: 524–529, 1986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Roth DA, Brooks GA. Lactate and pyruvate transport is dominated by a pH gradient-sensitive carrier in rat skeletal muscle sarcolemmal vesicles. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 279(2): 386–394, 1990aPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Roth DA, Brooks GA. Lactate transport is mediated by a membrane-bound carrier in rat skeletal muscle sarcolemmal vesicles. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 279(2): 377–385, 1990bPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rupp JC, Bartels RL, Zuelzer W, Fox EL, Clark RN. Effect of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on blood and muscle pH and exercise performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 15: 115, 1983Google Scholar
  27. Sutton JR, Jones NL, Toews CJ. Effect of pH on muscle glycolysis during exercise. Clinical Science 61: 331–338, 1981PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Trivedi B, Danforth WH. Effect of pH on the kinetics of frog muscle phosphofruetokinase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 10: 4110–4114, 1966Google Scholar
  29. Wijnen S, Verstappen F, Kuipers H. The influence of intravenous NaHCC3-administration on interval exercise: acid-base balance and endurance. International Journal of Sports Medicine 5 (Suppl.): 130–132, 1984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wilkes D, Gledhill N, Smyth R. Effect of induced metabolic alkalosis on 800-m racing time. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 15(4): 277–280, 1983PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jon Linderman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Thomas D. Fahey
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physical EducationUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Department of EducationCalifornia State UniversityChicoUSA

Personalised recommendations