Sports Medicine

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 246–256

Physiological Adaptations to Resistance Exercise

Implications for Athletic Conditioning
  • William J. Kraemer
  • Michael R. Deschenes
  • Steven J. Fleck
Research Review

DOI: 10.2165/00007256-198806040-00006

Cite this article as:
Kraemer, W.J., Deschenes, M.R. & Fleck, S.J. Sports Medicine (1988) 6: 246. doi:10.2165/00007256-198806040-00006


Resistance training results in a wide spectrum of adaptations in various physiological systems. Increases in muscle size and strength, changes in body composition, neuroendocrine function and cardiovascular responses have been observed following resistance training. Additionally, resistance training may be an effective means by which the incidence of sports injuries can be reduced.

The physiological alterations induced by resistance training appear to be specific to the number of sets and repetitions and exercises performed. Thus, special attention is required when developing the exercise prescription for resistance training.

Copyright information

© ADIS Press Limited 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • William J. Kraemer
    • 1
    • 3
  • Michael R. Deschenes
    • 1
  • Steven J. Fleck
    • 2
  1. 1.Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Sport, Leisure and Exercise Sciences and Department of Physiology and NeurobiologyUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  2. 2.Sport Science ProgramUS Olympic ComplexColorado SpringsUSA
  3. 3.Exercise Physiology DivisionUS Army Research Institute of Environmental MedicineNatickUSA

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