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, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 137–152 | Cite as

The Clinical Potential of Ademetionine (S-Adenosylmethionine) in Neurological Disorders

  • T. Bottiglieri
  • Keith Hyland
  • Edward H. Reynolds
Review Article

Summary

This review focuses on the biochemical and clinical aspects of methylation in neuropsychiatrie disorders and the clinical potential of their treatment with ademetionine (S-adenosylmethionine; SAMe). SAMe is required in numerous transmethylation reactions involving nucleic acids, proteins, phospholipids, amines and other neurotransmitters. The synthesis of SAMe is intimately linked with folate and vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) metabolism, and deficiencies of both these vitamins have been found to reduce CNS SAMe concentrations. Both folate and vitamin B12 deficiency may cause similar neurological and psychiatric disturbances including depression, dementia, myelopathy and peripheral neuropathy. SAMe has a variety of pharmacological effects in the CNS, especially on monoamine neurotransmitter metabolism and receptor systems. SAMe has antidepressant properties, and preliminary studies indicate that it may improve cognitive function in patients with dementia. Treatment with methyl donors (betaine, methionine and SAMe) is associated with remyelination in patients with inborn errors of folate and C-l (one-carbon) metabolism. These studies support a current theory that impaired methylation may occur by different mechanisms in several neurological and psychiatric disorders.

Keywords

Multiple Sclerosis Folate Homocysteine Inborn Error Methionine Adenosyltransferase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Adis International Limited 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Bottiglieri
    • 1
  • Keith Hyland
    • 1
  • Edward H. Reynolds
    • 2
  1. 1.Metabolic Disease CenterBaylor Research InstituteDallasUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyInstitute of Psychiatry and King’s College School of Medicine and DentistryLondonEngland

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