Effect of Omeprazole on the Metabolism of Cilostazol
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In vitro results suggest that cilostazol is metabolised by cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms 1A2, 2D6, 3A4 and 2C19. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of concomitant administration of omeprazole (a CYP2C19 inhibitor) on the pharmacokinetics of a single 100mg oral dose of cilostazol.
This study was conducted as a single-centre, open-label, nonrandomised, 2-period, crossover pharmacokinetic trial. A single 100mg dose of cilostazol was administered orally on days 0 and 14. Oral omeprazole (40mg every day) was administered on days 7 to 18.
20 healthy nonsmoking male and female volunteers.
Main Outcome Measures
Serial blood samples were collected before and after cilostazol administration to characterise the pharmacokinetics of cilostazol and its metabolites.
Following omeprazole coadministration, the increases in cilostazol maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve at time t (AUCt) were 18% (p = 0.062) and 26% (p < 0.001), respectively. For the 2 major circulating metabolites, OPC-13015 and OPC-13213, the OPC-13015 Cmax and AUCt increased by 29 and 69%, respectively (p < 0.001). However, for OPC-13213, the Cmax and AUCt decreased by 22 and 31%, respectively (p < 0.001). The plasma protein binding of cilostazol was unaffected by coadministration of omeprazole.
Coadministration of cilostazol with omeprazole resulted in an increase in the systemic exposure of cilostazol and its active metabolite, OPC-13015, by 26 and 69%, respectively. For the other active metabolite, OPC-13213, systemic exposure decreased by 31% because of inhibition of cilostazol metabolism to this metabolite. These changes in systemic exposure were well tolerated. A dose of 50mg cilostazol twice a day should be considered during coadministration of inhibitors of CYP2C19, such as omeprazole.
KeywordsHigh Performance Liquid Chromatography Adis International Limited Omeprazole Systemic Exposure Cilostazol
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