“I Just Take What I Am Given”
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Adherence to medication is generally considered to be poor in many patient groups, but little is known about adherence to medication in the nursing home setting. It is also unclear if residents in nursing homes are involved in decision making about medication.
This study sought to explore adherence to medication and resident involvement in prescribing and decision making in regard to medicines in the nursing home setting.
This was a qualitative study. Participants took part in either semi-structured interviews (general practitioners [GPs] and residents) or focus groups (nurses) to discuss issues around prescribing and adherence to medication in nursing homes for older people in Northern Ireland. All interviews and focus groups were digitally recorded, fully transcribed and analysed using the principles of constant comparison.
Eight GPs and 17 residents participated in semi-structured interviews and nine nurses participated in two focus groups (n = 4; n = 5). The main theme that emerged was control, which was manifested in many ways. Both groups of healthcare professionals needed to maintain control of prescribing or administration of medication in order to ensure safety, quality and continuity of care. All residents accepted control without question, reported that they were adherent to medication and had little involvement in prescribing decisions or administration of their own medicines. Although the healthcare professionals thought that more involvement in decisions around medication would contribute to resident autonomy and empowerment, it was also recognized that this could adversely affect control within the nursing home.
Although adherence with medication was generally perceived not to be a problem in the nursing homes setting in this study, other findings raise major challenges for resident involvement in an important aspect of their own care. Although there may be some residents, because of cognitive decline, who are unable to become involved in aspects of decisions about prescribing and self-administration, healthcare professionals providing care to these patients should strive to involve them as far as possible in their own care.
KeywordsFocus Group Nursing Home Healthcare Professional Nursing Home Setting Care Home Staff
The authors wish to acknowledge all those who participated in this study. Atlantic Philanthropies funded this work, but played no role in any aspects of the study from conception through to final analysis and production of this article. The authors have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this article.
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