Purification and Characterization of Human Adrenomedullin Binding Protein-1
We recently discovered that the vascular responsiveness to adrenomedullin (AM), a potent vasoactive peptide, decreased during sepsis and hemorrhage in the rat and was markedly improved by its novel binding protein (AMBP-1). Moreover, AM/AMBP-1 appears to be one of the leading candidates for further development to treat sepsis and hemorrhage. However, the extremely high cost of commercial AMBP-1 limits the development of human AM and AMBP-1 as therapeutic agents. The purpose of this study was to isolate and purify AMBP-1 from normal human serum and test its stability and biological activity under in vitro and in vivo conditions. AMBP-1 was isolated and purified from normal human serum with a yield of about 3.0 mg per 100 mL and purity of >99%. The purified AMBP-1 has a AM-binding capacity similar to that of the commercial AMBP-1. Human AM and human AMBP-1 in combination significantly inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 production from macrophages. The biological activity of the purified human AMBP-1 was well preserved when stored at 45°C for 5 d in solution or at 100°C for 1 h in powder. Moreover, administration of AM and purified AMBP-1 to hemorrhaged rats attenuated tissue injury and neutrophil accumulation. Purified AMBP-1 in combination with AM also suppressed the hemorrhage-induced rise in serum cytokines TNF-α and IL-6. Thus, we have successfully purified biologically active AMBP-1 from human normal serum and demonstrated the stability of purified human AMBP-1. This technique will enable us to further develop human AM/AMBP-1 as a novel treatment for safe and effective therapy of patients with hemorrhagic shock, sepsis, and ischemic injury.
This study was supported by National Institutes of Health grants. We thank the Proteomics Resource Center of the Rockefeller University (New York, NY) for their kind help with the mass spectrometry analysis of our samples.